THE RELATION OF MOTHERSâ€™ NUTRITIONAL STATUS TO PRIMARY TEETH DENTAL CARIES
Objective: According to the National Health Survey in 2013, nutritional problems in Indonesia are still a concern, and caries is the most prevalent dental disease. Primary dentition is developed during a motherâ€™s pregnancy period. Thus, mothersâ€™ nutritional status during pregnancy could determine the health of their childrenâ€™s primary dentition. This study objective was to analyze the relationship between mothersâ€™ nutritional status and dental caries in their childrenâ€™s primary teeth.
Methods: In total, 281 children under 5-year-old were selected from a health screening in Depok Sub-District, West Java. Information about maternal nutritional status was collected through the mother and childâ€™s health book. Information about dental caries was collected through clinical examinations using the dmft index.
Result: The prevalence of mothers with poor nutritional status was 22.8%, and 55.2% of their children had caries. The occurrence of dental caries in primary dentition between children of mothers with poor and good nutritional status was significantly different (p<0.001). The likelihood of getting caries was 1.85 times higher (95% confidence interval: 1.5â€“2.2) among children of mothers with poor nutritional status than among children of mothers with a good nutritional status.Conclusion: Children of mothers with a poor nutritional status would likely present with dental caries and had a higher risk of dental caries compared to children of mothers with a good nutritional status.
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