THE RELATION OF MOTHERS' NUTRITIONAL STATUS TO PRIMARY TEETH DENTAL CARIES
Objective: According to the National Health Survey in 2013, nutritional problems in Indonesia are still a concern, and caries is the most prevalent dental disease. Primary dentition is developed during a mother's pregnancy period. Thus, mothers' nutritional status during pregnancy could determine the health of their children's primary dentition. This study objective was to analyze the relationship between mothers' nutritional status and dental caries in their children's primary teeth.
Methods: In total, 281 children under 5-year-old were selected from a health screening in Depok Sub-District, West Java. Information about maternal nutritional status was collected through the mother and child's health book. Information about dental caries was collected through clinical examinations using the dmft index.
Result: The prevalence of mothers with poor nutritional status was 22.8%, and 55.2% of their children had caries. The occurrence of dental caries in primary dentition between children of mothers with poor and good nutritional status was significantly different (p<0.001). The likelihood of getting caries was 1.85 times higher (95% confidence interval: 1.5â€“2.2) among children of mothers with poor nutritional status than among children of mothers with a good nutritional status.Conclusion: Children of mothers with a poor nutritional status would likely present with dental caries and had a higher risk of dental caries compared to children of mothers with a good nutritional status.
2. Supriasa ID, Bakri B, Fajar I. Penilaian Status Gizi. Edisi 2. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC; 2016.
3. Due P, KrÃ¸lner R, Rasmussen M, Andersen A, Trab Damsgaard M, Graham H, et al. Pathways and mechanisms in adolescence contribute to adult health inequalities. Scand J Public Health 2011;39:62-78.
4. Barker DJ. The fetal and infant origins of adult disease. BMJ 1990;301:1111.
5. Sanders D, Carver R. The Struggle for Health. Medicine and the Politics of Underdevelopment. London: Macmillan; 1984.
6. Barker DJ. Mothers, babies and disease in later life. J R Soc Med 1995;88:458.
7. Setiawati F. Faktor-faktor Yang Berhubungandengan Derajat Keparahan Kariespada Anak Usia 3-5 Tahundan Program Pencegahannya di DKI Jakarta. Jakarta: Penerbitan FKGUI; 2001.
8. Center for Health Research and Development. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Basic Health Research). Jakarta: Indonesian Ministry of Health; 2007.
9. dos Santos Junior VE, de Sousa RM, Oliveira MC, de Caldas Junior AF, Rosenblatt A. Early childhood caries and its relationship with perinatal, socioeconomic and nutritional risks: A cross-sectional study. BMC Oral Health 2014;14:47.
10. Kumar GS. Orbanâ€™s Oral Histology and Embryology. 11th ed. London: Elsevier; 2011.
11. Schroth RJ, Lavelle C, Tate R, Bruce S, Billings RJ, Moffatt ME, et al. Prenatal vitamin D and dental caries in infants. Pediatrics 2014;133:e1277-84.
12. Tanaka K, Miyake Y, Sasaki S, Hirota Y. Dairy products and calcium intake during pregnancy and dental caries in children. Nutr J 2012;11:33.
13. Sheetal A, Hiremath VK, Patil AG, Sajjansetty S, Kumar SR. Malnutrition and its oral outcome-a review. J Clin Diagn Res 2013;7:178-80.