CLINICAL EFFECTS OF ALKALINE IONIZATION WATER (AIW) AS A MOUTHWASH AGAINST THE REDUCTION OF DENTAL PLAQUE
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether it has effectiveness in the reduction of the number of dental plaque and can be used as a mouthwash.
Methods: Experimental research with pre-post with control design, with samples from 2nd-semester students of Faculty of Dentistry Hasanuddin University of 20 students. The number of treatment groups was 4 groups, ie AIW gargling group pH 7, pH 9, pH 11.5 and positive control group (chlorhexidine). Stage of the research process includes the examination of pH, salivary colonies and plaque state. For measurement of salivary pH and bacterial colony, 4 measurements were done before the intervention, first day, third day and seventh day.
Results: The highest percentage of dental plaque reduction before and after treatment for 7 d treatment for AIW group pH 9 was 26.6%, higher than the positive control group of 20.2%.
Conclusion: This study resulted in the strength of reducing the amount of plaque in the mouth is not different from the effectiveness of mouthwash which contains Chlorhexidine, it indicates that Alkaline ionized water (AIW) can be used as a mouthwash.
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