• RAGAA EL-SHEIKH Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44519, Egypt
  • IBRAHIM HEGAZY Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44519, Egypt
  • EHAB ZAGHLOOL Hydrogeochemistry Department, Desert Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
  • MOHAMED E. A. ALI Hydrogeochemistry Department, Desert Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
  • AYMAN A. GOUDA Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44519, Egypt




Water resources, Hydrochemistry, Water quality indices


Objective: The study presents simple tools for water resources quality classification based on its chemical compositions in Abu Zaabal area, eastern Nile Delta, Egypt and assess the water quality for different uses.

Methods: 31 water samples were collected from different water resources in the study area and analyzed for physicochemical parameters. Hydrochemical relations, contour maps and statistical methods were used to estimate the contamination indices and evaluate the water resources for different purposes.

Results: 83.3% of groundwater samples is fresh water and 16.7% are brackish water. 85.7% of surface water samples are fresh and 14.3% is saline. 92% of groundwater samples and 71.5% of surface water samples are very hard water. According to HPI values, 8% of the quaternary groundwater samples are good, 4% are poor, 4% are very poor and 84% of the samples are unsuitable. All groundwater samples and 71% of surface water samples are contaminated with respect to ammonia.

Conclusion: Higher concentrations of TDS and heavy metal may be due to the clay nature of the soil, the marine sediments in the aquifer matrix together with the dissolution and leaching of minerals from agricultural, anthropogenic and industrial activities. The groundwater in the polluted zones is considered unsuitable for human drinking.


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How to Cite

EL-SHEIKH, R., HEGAZY, I., ZAGHLOOL, E., E. A. ALI, M., & GOUDA, A. A. (2021). HYDROCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT IN ABU-ZAABAL AREA, EASTERN NILE DELTA, EGYPT. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 13(6), 221–231. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2021v13i6.42562



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