An overall review on Obesity and its related disorders
Obesity can be defined as an excess proportion of total body fat. Obesity is increasing rapidly around the world. Nearly 20-25 % of the children are either overweight or obese. More than 80 % of the deaths in U.S are in patients with body mass index over 30. If the BMI is more than 40, life span is going to be reduced as much as 20 years for men and five years for women. Obesity develops number of chronic diseases like insulin resistance, Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, congestive heart failure. In this review the role of dietary modifications, genetic background and life style modifications in the prevalence of obesity was discussed. Its main reasons, complications and treatment of obesity were also explained in detail manner. Measurements to be taken to control the weight, importance of physical activity were also given significance in this article.
2) National Center for Health Statistics; "National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey."http://www.cdc.gov /nchs/nhanes.htm.
3) Lederman SA. The effect of pregnancy weight gain on later obesity. Obstet Gynecol 1993; 82: 148â€“155.
4) Fowles ER, Walker LO. Correlates of dietary quality and weight retention in postpartum women. J Commun Health Nurs 2006; 23: 183â€“197.
5) Gillies CL, Abrams KR, Lambert PC et al. Pharmacological and lifestyle interventions to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes in people with impaired glucose tolerance: systematic revie and meta-analysis. BMJ2007;334:299.
6)Wing RR, Venditti E, Jakicic JM, Polley BA, Lang W. Lifestyle intervention in overweight individuals with a family history of diabetes. Diabetes Care 1998;21:350â€“9.
7)Seshadri P, Samaha FF, Stern L, Chicano KL, Daily DA, Iqbal N. Free fatty acids, insulin resistance, and corrected at intervals in morbid obesity: effect of weight loss during 6 months
with differing dietary interventions. Endocr Pract 2005;11:234â€“9.
8) Bharati P1, Pal M, Bandyopadhyay M, Bhakta A, Chakraborty S, Bharati P. Prevalence and causes of low birth weight in India. Malays J Nutr. 2011 Dec;17(3):301-13.
9) AK Choudhary1, Asha Choudhary2, SC Tiwari3, R Dwivedi4 Factors associated with low birth weight among newborns in an urban slum community in Bhopal.Indian journal of public health.2013.vol 57(1),pp 21-23.
11) Maciejewski ML, Winegar DA, Farley JF, Wolfe BM, Demaria EJ. Risk stratification of serious adverse events after gastric bypass in the Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database Surg Obes Relat Dis 2012;8:671â€“7 .
12)Finks JF, Kole KL, Yenumula PR et al. Predicting risk for serious complications with bariatric surgery: results from the Michigan Bariatric Surgery Collaborative. Ann Surg 2011;254:633â€“40.
13) National Institutes of Health. Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adultsâ€”The Evidence Report. National Institutes of Health. Obes Res 1998;6 Suppl 2:51Sâ€“209S.
14) Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Curtin LR. Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2008. JAMA 2010;303:235â€“41.
15) Ogden CL, Carroll MD. Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, and Extreme Obesity Among Adults: United States, Trends 1960â€“1962 Through 2007â€“2008. 2010.