HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECT AND ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF NARINGENIN ON ARSENIC-INDUCED LIVER INJURY IN RATS

  • Mohammad S. Al-harbi Taif University, Faculty of Science, Biology Department, Taif 888, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Objective: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the protective effect of naringenin (Ng) against arsenic (As)-induced oxidative stress in the liver of experimental rats. Arsenic is a major environmental pollutant and is known for its wide toxic manifestations. Naringenin is a naturally occurring citrus flavonone which has been reported to have a wide range of pharmacological properties.

Methods: Forty male rats were randomly divided into four groups where the first was served as a control, whereas the remaining groups were respectively treated with naringenin (50 mg/kg b.w.), sodium arsenite (5.55 mg/kg b.w.) and a combination of sodium arsenite and naringen.

Results: Exposure of rats to (As) caused a significant increase in liver MDA level compared to control, but the coadministration of (Ng) was effective in reducing its level. The enzymatic activities of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase(CAT)of As-treated group were found to be lower compared to the control and the (Ng)-treated group. On the other hand, a significant increase in activities of AST, ALT and ALP were observed in As-treated group. The co-administration of (Ng) has decreased the activities of AST, ALT and ALP and thus co-administration of (Ng) had an additive protective effect on liver enzyme activities and improved the antioxidant status as well.

Conclusion: To conclude, the results suggest that As exposure enhanced an oxidative stress by disturbing the tissue antioxidant defense system, but the (Ng) co-administration protected liver tissues against As intoxication probably owing to its antioxidant properties.

Keywords: Arsenic, Naringenin, Oxidative stress, Hepatic activity

Keywords: Arsenic, Naringenin, Oxidative stress, Hepatic activity

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How to Cite
Al-harbi, M. S. “HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECT AND ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF NARINGENIN ON ARSENIC-INDUCED LIVER INJURY IN RATS”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 8, no. 4, Apr. 2016, pp. 103-8, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/10618.
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