EVALUATION OF CAFFEINE CONSUMPTION AND EFFECT DURING PREGNANCY AMONG WOMEN IN THE UAE
Objective: To investigate the relationship between caffeine consumption among pregnant women in the UAE and spontaneous abortion and stillbirth.
Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional survey has been conducted on 97 pregnant ladies randomly selected from Al Ain city in the UAE. Only pregnant women with caffeine intake were included in the study.
Results: The results showed that: 61.9% of women consumed coffee, 34% consumed tea, and 4.1% consumed soft drinks during pregnancy. 43% of women who consumed caffeine during pregnancy had at least one spontaneous abortion, 10.3% suffered from stillbirth and 17.5% gave birth to underweight babies. Cross tabulation between spontaneous abortion and caffeine consumption did not show high significance using Pearson Chi-Square for correlation (p-value 0.103), The likelihood ratio shows significant results (p-value 0.039).
Conclusion: Providing comprehensive counselling for pregnant women is essential in order to prevent the negative impact of caffeine consumption.
Keywords: Caffeine, Pregnant, Abortion, Miscarriage
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