• B. Gowthami CES College of Pharmacy, Chinnatekur, Kurnool-518002, Andhra Pradesh
  • T. Spurthi
  • S. Summiah Afreen


Infections, prescriptions, rationality, antibiotics


Objective: Conventional need of broad spectrum antibiotics for multiple organ infections in hospital, ensue the problem of resistance. Most of the antibiotic utilization is empirical leading to their irrational prescriptions. Our present study aims in accessing the drug utilization evaluation of antibiotic usage in a tertiary care hospital which helps in accessing rationality that aid in monitoring the drug efficacy, cost constraints and other factors related to patient safety.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted for a period of four months from September 2015 to December 2015 in the Medicine department of Viswabarathi Hospital, Kurnool and AP.

Results: A total of 210 prescriptions were analyzed. Among the wide range of antibiotics, i.e., 479 antibiotics prescribed, beta-lactams were found in the maximum cases which accounts for more than half of the cases. Little more than half of the prescriptions i.e.51.90% was with two antibiotics, followed by three antibiotic prescriptions. 9.05% prescriptions were with 4-5 antibiotics.

Conclusion: Judgmental use of antibiotics will reduce the burden of multi-drug resistance and thereby enabling better patient management and limiting the resultant morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Infections, Prescriptions, Rationality, Antibiotics


Download data is not yet available.


Akter SFU, Rani MFA, Rahman JA, Nordin MS, Satwi S, Awang MB, et al. Antimicrobial use and factors influencing prescribing in medical wards of a tertiary care hospital in Malaysia. Int J Sci Environ Technol 2012;1:274-84.

Kumar MA, Ram KT, Ramasamy C. Cross-sectional prospective study on drug utilization in a pediatric outpatient department of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Global J Pharmacol 2013;7:99-102.

Rad LV, Alekhya M. Prescribing pattern of antibiotics in pediatric inpatient department of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Bangalore. IOSR J Pharm Biol Sci 2015;10:26-32.

Jhansi M, kumar SV, Manigandan LS, Vivean P. Patterns of prescription and drug use in the pediatric department of a lower respiratory tract infection at a teaching hospital a preliminary study. Res J Pharm Biol Chem Sci 2015;6:1202-7.

Meher BR, Mukharjee D, Udayshankar. A study on antibiotic utilization pattern in a general medicine ward of a tertiary care teaching hospital. J Chem Pharm Res 2014;6:1847-9.

Pandiamunian J, Somasundaram G. A study on prescribing pattern of antimicrobial agents in the medical intensive care unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital in puducherry union territory, South India. Int J Pharm Sci 2014;6:235-8.

John LJ, Devi P, John J, Guido S. Drug utilization study of antimicrobial agents in a medical intensive care unit of tertiary care hospital. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2011;4:81-4.

Syed MHN, Kumar CU, Shobha JC. Prescription patterns of antibiotics in acute medical care unit of a tertiary care hospital in India. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci 2014;3:673-9.



How to Cite

Gowthami, B., T. Spurthi, and S. S. Afreen. “DRUG UTILIZATION EVALUATION OF ANTIBIOTICS IN GENERAL MEDICINE DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 8, no. 6, June 2016, pp. 302-4, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/11425.



Short Communication(s)