NEW METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION FOR THE DETERMINATION OF FEBUXOSTAT IN HUMAN PLASMA BY LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY–MASS SPECTROMETRY

  • Narottam Pal Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Bhaskar Pharmacy College, Yenkapally, Moinabad, Hyderabad, India, 50075
  • Avanapu Srinivasa Rao Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Bhaskar Pharmacy College, Yenkapally, Moinabad, Hyderabad, India, 50075
  • Pigilli Ravikumar Bio-analytical Department, Aizant Drug Research Solution Pvt. Ltd, Hyderabad, India, 50014

Abstract

Objective: To develop a new method and validate the same for the determination of Febuxostat (FBS) in human plasma by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LCMS).

Methods: The present method utilized reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectroscopy. Febuxostat D9 (FBS D9) was used as internal standard (IS). The analyte and internal standard were separated from human plasma by using solid phase extraction method. Zorbax Eclipse XDB, C8, 100 mm x 4.6 mm, 3.5 µm column was used and HPLC grade acetonitrile, 5 millimolar (mM) ammonium format (80: 20, v/v) as mobile phase, detected by mass spectrometry operating in positive ion and multiple reaction monitoring modes.

Results: The parent and production transitions for FBS and internal standard were at m/z 317.1→261.0 and 326.1→262.0 respectively. The method was validated for system suitability, specificity, carryover effect, linearity, precision, accuracy, matrix effect, sensitivity and stability. The linearity range was from 20.131 ng/ml to10015. 534 ng/ml with a correlation coefficient of 0.999. Precision results (%CV) across six quality control samples were within the limit. The percentage recovery of FBS and internal standard from matrix samples was found to be 76.57% and 75.03% respectively.

Conclusion: Present study describes new LC-MS method for the quantification of FBS in a pharmaceutical formulation. According to validation results, it was found to be a simple, sensitive, accurate and precise method and also free from any kind of interference. Therefore the proposed analytical method can be used for routine analysis for the estimation of FBS in its formulation.

Keywords: Febuxostat, Febuxostat D9, Liquid chromatography, Mass spectrometry

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Pal, N., A. S. Rao, and P. Ravikumar. “NEW METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION FOR THE DETERMINATION OF FEBUXOSTAT IN HUMAN PLASMA BY LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY–MASS SPECTROMETRY”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 8, no. 9, Sept. 2016, pp. 61-70, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2016v8i9.11968.
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