ACUTE TOXICITY EVALUATION OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF ARISTOLOCHIA ALBIDA DUCH. LEAVES ON WISTAR RATS LIVER AND KIDNEY FUNCTIONS


Felix F. D. Guinnin, Jean Robert Klotoe, Jean Marc Ategbo

Abstract


Objective: Aristolochia albida Duch is frequently used by alternative medicine to treat some pathologies like hepatitis. Our main objective was to evaluate the acute oral toxicity of the ethanolic extract of this plant.

Methods: Exploratory tests for acute oral toxicity are performed in vivo on Wistar albino rats in a limit test of 2000 mg/kg for 14 d in accordance with the OECD Guidelines 423. The clinical signs were observed every day, followed by measurement of body weight change, the haematological and biochemical examinations were executed and statistical analysis was performed.

Results: The various clinical signs observed after administration and for 14 d were recorded and no mortality was observed. With the exception of white blood cells, mean cell volume and platelets with statistically significant difference in control (p<0.05), all the haematological parameters showed an insignificant statistical difference to the control ratio (p>0.05). For biochemical parameters, except blood glucose and total protein of control batches, which show a significant statistical difference after 14 d (p>0.05), all the biochemical parameters show the statistically insignificant difference for test and controls batches (p>0.05) as well as the weight variation of the animals.

Conclusion: The ethanolic extract of the leaves of A. albida Duch (EEAr) had not toxic effect on the biochemical and hematological parameters studied at a dose of 2000 mg/kg. The lethal dose is therefore over 2000 mg/kg.


Keywords


Aristolochia albida Duch, Acute toxicity, Lethal dose

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About this article

Title

ACUTE TOXICITY EVALUATION OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF ARISTOLOCHIA ALBIDA DUCH. LEAVES ON WISTAR RATS LIVER AND KIDNEY FUNCTIONS

Keywords

Aristolochia albida Duch, Acute toxicity, Lethal dose

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i7.16887

Date

01-07-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 9, Issue 7, 2017 Page: 35-40

Online ISSN

0975-1491

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188 Views | 76 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Felix F. D. Guinnin
Department of Animal Physiology, Laboratory of Animal Physiology, University of Abomey-Calavi 06 BP 2584 Cotonou (Benin)

Jean Robert Klotoe
Laboratory of Research in Applied Biology, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi (LARBA/ EPAC/UAC), Benin

Jean Marc Ategbo
Department of Animal Physiology, Laboratory of Animal Physiology, University of Abomey-Calavi 06 BP 2584 Cotonou (Benin)


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