A PROSPECTIVE STUDY: KNOWLEDGE ASSESSMENT AND PATIENT CARE OF DIABETIC FOOT ULCER PATIENTS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL


Sheena Marin Thomas, Ishita Gajjar Nitin, M. Uday Kiran Reddy, Harsha Devi S.

Abstract


Objective: To assess the knowledge with a diabetic foot ulcer, to evaluate the severity and grade of diabetic foot ulcer, to study the self-care behaviour and medication adherence in a patient with diabetic foot ulcer and to counsel the patients.

Methods: The KAP, self-care foot behaviour and MMAS-8 questionnaire were given during interview; severity using Wagner’s scale was assessed. Knowledge, attitude, self-care foot practice and adherence was measured based on various parameters such as demographic factors, clinical characteristics, and medication taking characteristics. It was measured before and after the patient counselling to see improvement in the quality of life.

Results: In the study period of 6 mo 111 cases were gathered. There were 74 (66%) patients who were illiterate; the patients with low economic status were 63 (56%). Patients who are illiterate have poor knowledge and poor self-care behaviour, in our study 74 (66%) are illiterate which improved after counselling and 59 patients with high knowledge. Medication adherence is also associated with the education of the patient. After counselling and providing knowledge most of the patients are having high KAP scores. Wagner’s scale for the study of the severity shows that most of the patients 30 out of 111 are having Grade 4 of the score which shows the need of counselling and education towards foot care. Improvement in the self-care practice and on safety and prevention was seen after counselling.

Conclusion: Knowledge, attitude, self-care practice and adherence of the patient can be improved by establishing a good patient-provider relationship and giving proper patient counselling to the patient or their relatives.


Keywords


Diabetic Foot Ulcer, Patient Counseling, Wagner’s scale, Knowledge Assessment and Practice, Self-Care Behavior, Medication Adherence

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About this article

Title

A PROSPECTIVE STUDY: KNOWLEDGE ASSESSMENT AND PATIENT CARE OF DIABETIC FOOT ULCER PATIENTS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Keywords

Diabetic Foot Ulcer, Patient Counseling, Wagner’s scale, Knowledge Assessment and Practice, Self-Care Behavior, Medication Adherence

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i11.21168

Date

01-11-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 9, Issue 11, 2017 Page: 104-110

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Statistics

40 Views | 34 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Sheena Marin Thomas
Department of Pharmacy Practice, The Oxford College of Pharmacy, Hongsandra, Banglore 560068, India

Ishita Gajjar Nitin
Department of Pharmacy Practice, The Oxford College of Pharmacy, Hongsandra, Banglore 560068, India

M. Uday Kiran Reddy
Department of Pharmacy Practice, The Oxford College of Pharmacy, Hongsandra, Banglore 560068, India
India

Harsha Devi S.
Department of Pharmacy Practice, The Oxford College of Pharmacy, Hongsandra, Banglore 560068, India


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