ETHNOMEDICINAL NOTES AND CHROMOSOMAL STATUS OF SOME SELECTED HERBS FROM PARVATI VALLEY, KULLU DISTRICT, HIMACHAL PRADESH


Himshikha ., Raghbir Chand Gupta, Vijay Kumar Singhal, Rohit Kumar

Abstract


Objective: The objective of the present study was to enlist the ethnobotanical uses and chromosomal status of wild plants of Parvati Valley, Himachal Pradesh. Plants are locally used in curing ulcers, sores, insect bites, muscular and joint pains, pneumonia, jaundice, diarrhoea, piles, swellings, allergies and skin diseases.

Methods: For documentation of ethnomedicinal information, a questionnaire containing the vernacular name, plant part/s used, medicinal uses, mode of preparation and amount of dose taken was prepared. Personnel interviews/interactions were conducted with medicine men (vaids and hakims), local healers, village elders, tribals and shepherds. The interviews were cross-validated to ascertain the facts about the local use of each plant species. Chromosomal status was determined through male meiosis by using standard acetocarmine technique.

Results: Present paper contains information on ethnomedicinal uses, chromosome counts, male meiosis and pollen fertility on 62 medicinal herbs from Parvati Valley. Plants are used as a decoction, paste or powder in cooked form or as raw. Preparations are taken orally in pure form or as a mixture or with a little amount of salt, milk, honey or butter.

Conclusion: Due to indiscriminate forest clearing, grazing and collection by traders, most of the species became rare and restricted to specific pockets or are now almost extinct. To preserve herbal diversity, grazing should be restricted in alpine and sub-alpine zones. Database on ethnic knowledge, chromosomal diversity, natural regeneration and distribution pattern should be prepared for designing future plans for sustainable development.


Keywords


Ethnobotany, Chromosomal status, Medicinal herbs, Parvati valley, Himachal Pradesh

| PDF | HTML |

References


Uniyal MR, Chauhan NS. Commercially important medicinal plants of Kullu. Forest division of H. P. Nagarjun; 1972.

Singh SK, Rawat GS. Traditional verses commercial use of wild medicinal plants of Great Himalayan National Park. Proc Int Mountain Meet 98, Rishikesh; 1998.

Singh SK. Ethnobotanical study of useful plants of Kullu district in NW Himalaya. Indian J Econ Taxon Bot 2004;23:185-98.

Sharma PK, Chauhan NS, Lal B. Commercial important medicinal and aromatic plants of Parvati Valley of Himachal Pradesh. J Econ Taxon Bot 2003;27:937-42.

Sharma PK, Chauhan NS, Lal B. Observation on the traditional phytotherapy among the inhabitants of Parvati Valley in Western Himalayas. Indian J Ethnopharmacol 2004;92:167-76.

Sharma PK, Chauhan NS, Lal B. Studies on plant-associated indigenous knowledge among the Malanis of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh. Indian J Trad Knowl 2005;27:4403-8.

Lone PA, Bhardwaj AK. Traditional herbal based disease treatment in some rural areas of Bandipora district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2013;6:162-71.

Periyasamy K, Kaliyaperumal S. Ethnobotanical, phytochemical and pharmaceutical studies of medicinal plant, Ventilago Maderaspatana Gaertn (Red Creeper): a review. Int J Curr Pharm Res 2015;8:16-8.

Sharma V, Chaudhary U. An overview on indigenous knowledge of Achyranthes aspera. J Crit Rev 2015;2:7-19.

Kumari K, Saggoo MIS. Male meiosis and morphometric analysis of ethnobotanically important Allium carolinianum DC. from Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh, India. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2016;9:396-8.

Dhaliwal DS, Sharma M. Flora of kullu district (Himachal Pradesh). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun; 1999.

Khatoon Ali SI. Chromosomal atlas of the angiosperms of Pakistan. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi; 1993.

Kumar P, Singhal VK. Chromosome number, male meiosis and pollen fertility in selected angiosperms of the cold deserts of Lahaul-Spiti and adjoining areas (Himachal Pradesh, India). Plant Syst Evol 2011;297:271-97.

Rani S, Kumari S, Gupta RC, Chahota RK. Cytological studies of angiosperms (174 species) from District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh (India). Plant Syst Evol 2013;300:851-62.

Mehra PN, Vasudevan KN. IOPB chromosome number reports XXXVI. Taxon 1972;21:333-46.

Bala S, Malik RA, Gupta RC. New chromosome counts in some gentians from Western Himalayas. Caryologia 2015;68:147-53.

Mehra PN, Dhawan H. Cytotaxonomy of some N. Indian Polygonaceae. Proc 53rd Indian Sci Congr Part 3; 1966. p. 277.

Singhal VK, Kumar P, Kaur D, Rana PK. Chromatin transfer during male meiosis resulted into heterogeneous sized pollen grains in Anemone rivularis Buch.-Ham. ex DC. from Indian cold deserts. Cytologia 2009;74:229-34.

Kumar P, Singhal VK, Kaur D, Kaur S. Cytomixis and associated meiotic abnormalities affecting pollen fertility in Clematis orientalis. Biol Plantarum 2010;54:181-4.

Guan JZ, Wang JJ, Cheng ZH, Liu Y, Li ZY. Cytomixis and meiotic abnormalities during microsporogenesis are responsible for male sterility and chromosomal variations in Houttuynia cordata. Genet Mol Res 2012;11:121-30.

Rana PK, Kumar P, Singhal VK. Cytomixis and associated abnormalities during male meiosis in Lindelofia longiflora var. falconeri (Boraginaceae). Cytologia 2014;79:535-40.

Mehra PN, Gill BS, Mehta JK, Sidhu SS. Cytological investigations on the Indian Compositae. I. North Indian taxa. Caryologia 1965;18:35-68.

http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/ipcn.html. [Last accessed on 20 Jun 2017]




About this article

Title

ETHNOMEDICINAL NOTES AND CHROMOSOMAL STATUS OF SOME SELECTED HERBS FROM PARVATI VALLEY, KULLU DISTRICT, HIMACHAL PRADESH

Keywords

Ethnobotany, Chromosomal status, Medicinal herbs, Parvati valley, Himachal Pradesh

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i10.21611

Date

02-10-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol. 9, Issue 10, 2017 Page: 191-196

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Statistics

0 Views | 0 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Himshikha .
Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India-147002
India

Raghbir Chand Gupta
Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India-147002

Vijay Kumar Singhal
Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India-147002

Rohit Kumar
Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India-147002


Article Tools



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.