DEMOGRAPHICS AND FACTOR ASSOCIATED WITH FOOD SUPPLEMENTS USE AMONG YOGYAKARTA POPULATION
Keywords:Food supplement, Vitamin, Use, Yogyakarta
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of food supplement use and the association between foods supplement use and sociodemographic factors among Yogyakarta population.
Methods: A cross-sectional online questionnaire was developed and validated. A number of 933 participants completed the survey during September-December 2016. A convenience sampling technique was used. The sociodemographic characteristics and use of dietary supplements were collected. Frequency distributions were used to explore the use of food supplement. The relationship between demographic factors and dietary supplement use was conducted using pearson correlation analysis.
Results: Food supplement daily use was reported by 63% of participants. A mean number of the supplement was 2.3 (SD 2.1). The advertisement was commonly the source of information about food supplement. Age, sex, monthly income, excercise, and smoking status were associated with food supplement use.
Conclusion: Use of food supplements in this population was relatively high reï¬‚ects that of other countries. Participants were using unreliable source of information of the beneï¬ts and risks associated with supplement consumption. Health professionals should account for dietary supplements when assessing medication. Regulating bodies and public health ofï¬cers need to be aware to ensure safe practices.
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