NANOEMULSION GEL OF NUTRACEUTICAL CO-ENZYME Q10 AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO CONVENTIONAL TOPICAL DELIVERY SYSTEM TO ENHANCE SKIN PERMEABILITY AND ANTI-WRINKLE EFFICIENCY


Eman S. El- Leithy, Amna M. Makky, Abeer M. Khattab, Doaa G. Hussein

Abstract


Objective: The object of our investigation was to develop and characterize nanoemulsion gel (NEG) as transdermal delivery systems for the poorly water soluble drug, Co-enzyme Q10 (CoQ10), to improve its solubility and skin permeability and thus improving its anti-wrinkle efficiency.

Methods: An optimized nanoemulsion (NE) formula was chosen according to its particle size and stability and converted into nanoemulsion gel using different gelling agents, including; carbopol 934 (1%), xanthan gum (2%) and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose(NaCMC) (2%). Drug loaded nanoemulsion gels were characterized for particle size, zeta potential, viscosity and rheological behavior, conductivity, spreadability, drug content and permeation studies using Franz diffusion cell.

Results: NEG containing 10% w/v isopropyl myristate (IPM) as oil, 60% w/v tween 80 and transcutol HP as surfactant/co-surfactant mixture (S/CoS), 30%w/v water, 2%w/v drug, and 1% w/v carbopol 934 as gelling gent was concluded as an optimized NEG formula. It exhibited pH, viscosity, drug content, particle size, zeta potential, polydispersity index(PDI) and spreadability, as 5.4±0.011, 27588±2034.34 cps,101.51±0.93%,120.5±1.19 nm,-29.8±1.46, 0.273 and 6.16±0.28 cm, respectively. Also, it showed significantly higher cumulative amount of drug permeated through dialysis membrane (281.71±0.97μg/cm2) and through rat skin (20.73±2.5 μg/cm2) than the other formulae and marketed formulation (P<0.001). In addition, its permeability parameters like drug flux (Jss), enhancement ratio (Er) and permeability coefficient (Kp) exhibited the highest values; 12.79µg/cm2/h, 95.92×10-4 cm2/h and 57.35, respectively for in vitro permeation study and 0.968µg/cm2/h, 7.26×10-4 cm2/h and 1.183, respectively for ex-vivo permeation study.

Further histopathological evaluation test showed that CoQ10 NEG has a good anti-wrinkle efficacy compared to the conventional topical dosage form.

Conclusion: These results judged NEG to be a promising alternative carrier for topical delivery of CoQ10 to enhance its solubility, skin permeability and thus anti-wrinkle efficiency.


Keywords


Coenzyme Q10, Nanoemulsion gel, Topical delivery, Skin wrinkles, Permeability

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About this article

Title

NANOEMULSION GEL OF NUTRACEUTICAL CO-ENZYME Q10 AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO CONVENTIONAL TOPICAL DELIVERY SYSTEM TO ENHANCE SKIN PERMEABILITY AND ANTI-WRINKLE EFFICIENCY

Keywords

Coenzyme Q10, Nanoemulsion gel, Topical delivery, Skin wrinkles, Permeability

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i11.21751

Date

01-11-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 9, Issue 11, 2017 Page: 207-217

Online ISSN

0975-1491

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31 Views | 12 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Eman S. El- Leithy
Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), Cairo, Egypt

Amna M. Makky
Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Abeer M. Khattab
National Organization for Drug Control and Research, Cairo, Egypt

Doaa G. Hussein
National Organization for Drug Control and Research, Cairo, Egypt


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