A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF HYPOTHYROIDISM IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

  • N. Swathi Dept of Pharmacy Practice, Santhiram College of Pharmacy, Nandyal, Kurnool (Dist),
  • Voleti Vijaya Kumar Dept of Pharmacy Practice, Santhiram College of Pharmacy, Nandyal, Kurnool (Dist),
  • M. Farjana Dept of Pharmacy Practice, Santhiram College of Pharmacy, Nandyal, Kurnool (dist),
  • M. Vishnu Vardhan Dept of Pharmacy Practice, Santhiram College of Pharmacy, Nandyal, Kurnool (Dist),
  • M. Munendra Dept of Pharmacy Practice, Santhiram College of Pharmacy, Nandyal, Kurnool (Dist),
  • G. Vijay Kumar Dept of General Medicine, Santhiram Medical College and General Hospital, Nandyal, Kurnool (Dist)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of hypothyroidism in a rural population of Nandyal.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted in Santhiram medical college and general hospital, Nandyal from July 2017 to December 2017, to study the prevalence of hypothyroidism among the population.

Results: In this study, 1000 patients were evaluated for the thyroid functioning, among them n=104(10.4%) showing positive results in hypothyroidism. The positive 104 patients showed that n=63 (60.57%) of the population are in the age limit of 21-40. Out of the same population are n=11 (10.6%) are male and female are n=93 (89.43%). In age group distribution more prevalence was observed in 21-30 y of age group n=36 (34.61%). In this study, sub-clinical hypothyroidism was prevalent in females n=80 (76.92%) than males n=10 (9.61%).

Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that hypothyroidism was higher in a female with age group as 21-40 y and there is a significant prevalence of hypothyroidism in the study population.

Keywords: Hypothyroidism, Prevalence study, Chi-square test

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How to Cite
Swathi, N., V. V. Kumar, M. Farjana, M. V. Vardhan, M. Munendra, and G. Vijay Kumar. “A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF HYPOTHYROIDISM IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 10, no. 6, June 2018, pp. 23-25, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2018v10i6.24958.
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