PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF PROPHYLACTIC ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS USED IN PREOPERATIVE PATIENTS AT A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL


Kala P., Jamuna Rani R., Sangeetha Raja

Abstract


Objective: This study was designed to analyze the prescription pattern of prophylactic antimicrobial agents used in preoperative patients.

Methods: A descriptive observational study was done at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Potheri from July to December 2013 after obtaining of Institutional Ethics Committee clearance.

Results: Total 284 patients were included in this study, out of which 141(49.6%) were females and 143(50%) were males. In the department of general surgery, the very commonly used antimicrobial agents were cefotaxime (81%) followed by cefoperazone sodium (42%). In the orthopaedics department, the frequently used antimicrobial agents were cefoperazone and sulbactam (39%) followed by cefazolin (29%). Most commonly used antimicrobial agent was cefotaxime (100%) in gynaecology department.

Conclusion: Antimicrobial prophylaxis is helpful in declining the frequency of post-operative infections. This study explained about the various antimicrobial agents used prior to surgeries. Practitioners must prescribe an antibiotic based on their hospital antibiotic policy.


Keywords


Prophylaxis, Antimicrobial agents, Antibiotics, Surgery, Antibiotic policy

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About this article

Title

PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF PROPHYLACTIC ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS USED IN PREOPERATIVE PATIENTS AT A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Keywords

Prophylaxis, Antimicrobial agents, Antibiotics, Surgery, Antibiotic policy

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2018v10i4.25164

Date

01-04-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 10, Issue 4, 2018 Page: 128-131

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Authors & Affiliations

Kala P.
Department of Pharmacology, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM University, Potheri, Tamil Nadu, India, 603203
India

Jamuna Rani R.
Department of Pharmacology, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM University, Potheri, Tamil Nadu, India, 603203

Sangeetha Raja
Department of Pharmacology, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM University, Potheri, Tamil Nadu, India, 603203


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