PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF PROPHYLACTIC ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS USED IN PREOPERATIVE PATIENTS AT A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

  • Kala P. Department of Pharmacology, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM University, Potheri, Tamil Nadu, India, 603203
  • Jamuna Rani R. Department of Pharmacology, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM University, Potheri, Tamil Nadu, India, 603203
  • Sangeetha Raja Department of Pharmacology, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM University, Potheri, Tamil Nadu, India, 603203

Abstract

Objective: This study was designed to analyze the prescription pattern of prophylactic antimicrobial agents used in preoperative patients.

Methods: A descriptive observational study was done at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Potheri from July to December 2013 after obtaining of Institutional Ethics Committee clearance.

Results: Total 284 patients were included in this study, out of which 141(49.6%) were females and 143(50%) were males. In the department of general surgery, the very commonly used antimicrobial agents were cefotaxime (81%) followed by cefoperazone sodium (42%). In the orthopaedics department, the frequently used antimicrobial agents were cefoperazone and sulbactam (39%) followed by cefazolin (29%). Most commonly used antimicrobial agent was cefotaxime (100%) in gynaecology department.

Conclusion: Antimicrobial prophylaxis is helpful in declining the frequency of post-operative infections. This study explained about the various antimicrobial agents used prior to surgeries. Practitioners must prescribe an antibiotic based on their hospital antibiotic policy.

Keywords: Prophylaxis, Antimicrobial agents, Antibiotics, Surgery, Antibiotic policy

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How to Cite
P., K., J. R. R., and S. Raja. “PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF PROPHYLACTIC ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS USED IN PREOPERATIVE PATIENTS AT A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 10, no. 4, Apr. 2018, pp. 128-31, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2018v10i4.25164.
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