• Koyel Kar Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, BCDA College of Pharmacy and Technology, Barasat, West Bengal, India
  • R. N. Pal Department of Pharmaceutics, Calcutta Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology and Allied Health Sciences, Uluberia, West Bengal, India
  • N. N. Bala Department of Pharmaceutics, BCDA College of Pharmacy and Technology, Barasat, West Bengal, India


Objective: The major objective of the research work was to design, characterise and evaluate controlled release microspheres of ropinirole hydrochloride by using non-aqueous solvent evaporation technique to facilitate the delivery of the drug at a predetermined rate for a specific period of time.

Methods: Ropinirole hydrochloride microspheres were prepared by using different low-density polymers such as eudragit RL 100, eudragit RS 100 and ethylcellulose either alone or in combination with the help of non-aqueous solvent evaporation technique. All the formulated microparticles were subjected to various evaluation parameters such as particle size analysis, micrometric properties, drug entrapment efficiency, percentage drug loading, percentage yield and in vitro drug release study. The compatibility of the drug and polymers was confirmed by physical compatibility study, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and x-ray diffraction study (XRD). The formation of the most optimized batch of the microsphere (F12) was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), DSC, FTIR, and XRD. In vitro drug release study and in vitro drug release kinetics study of the formulated microspheres were also carried out.

Results: Drug-polymer compatibility studies performed with the help of FTIR and DSC indicated that there were no interactions. Results revealed that non-aqueous solvent evaporation technique was a suitable technique for the preparation of microspheres as most of the formulations were discrete, free-flowing and spherical in shape with a good yield of 55.67% to 80.09%, percentage drug loading of 35.52% to 94.50% and percentage drug entrapment efficiency of 36.24% to 95.07%. Different drug-polymer ratios, as well as the combination of polymers, played a significant role in the variation of over-all characteristics of formulations. Based on the data of various evaluation parameters such as particle size analysis, percentage drug loading, percentage drug entrapment, percentage yield, rheological studies and in vitro drug release characteristics, formulation F12 was found to fulfil the criteria of ideal controlled release drug delivery system. F12 showed controlled release till the 14th hour (97.99%) and its in vitro release kinetics was best explained by zero-order kinetics and followed Korsemeyer-Pappas model (Non-Fickian mechanism). SEM of F12 revealed the formation of spherical structures. The FTIR study of F12 confirmed the stable nature of ropinirole in the drug-loaded microspheres. DSC and XRD patterns showed that ropinirole hydrochloride was dispersed at the molecular level in the polymer matrix.

Conclusion: The controlled release microparticles were successfully prepared and from this study, it was concluded that the developed microspheres of ropinirole hydrochloride can be used for controlled drug release to improve the bioavailability and patient compliance and to maintain a constant drug level in the blood target tissue by releasing the drug in zero order pattern.

Keywords: Ropinirole hydrochloride microspheres, Eudragit RS 100, Eudragit RL 100, Ethylcellulose, Controlled release, Solvent evaporation


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How to Cite
Kar, K., R. N. Pal, and N. N. Bala. “PREPARATION, CHARACTERISATION AND EVALUATION OF ROPINIROLE HYDROCHLORIDE LOADED CONTROLLED RELEASE MICROSPHERES USING SOLVENT EVAPORATION TECHNIQUE”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 10, no. 6, June 2018, pp. 57-67, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2018v10i6.26070.
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