IMPLEMENTING SUSTAINABLE ERGONOMICS FOR POWER-LOOM TEXTILE WORKERS

Abstract

Objective: This ergonomic study focuses on identifying and understanding the occupational health and safety risk aspects of power-loom industry workers from Solapur City, Maharashtra, India.

Methods: The samples of 540 workers were assessed for their general physique, muscle tone (MT), a lung condition, and eyesight (ES) using different techniques. The body mass index (BMI) was used to asses normal physique. The Snellen chart was used to check normal eyesight. A peak flow meter was used to determine lung condition.

Result: In this study, it was found that most of the workers were influenced by respiratory issues, increase in muscle tone, eye issues and musculoskeletal issues. The subjects were compared with controls. Linear regression analysis shows (OR: 0.356; 95% CI: 0.287–0.426) p<0.05*.

Conclusion: Based on these outcomes; it strongly emphasized the need for policies for successful implementation of health safety program. Therefore, to improve the health of these workers the suggestions and recommendations were presented in accordance with the ergonomics principle and existing labor laws.

Keywords: Ergonomics, Health and safety, Solapur city, Power-loom

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Somnath Kolgiri, Mechanical Department, Walchand Institute of Technology, Solapur University, Solapur, Maharashtra, India,
Working as Associate Professor in mechanical engineering department

References

1. Sahoo B. Problems and prospects of textile industry. New Delhi: Mittal Publications; 1993. p. 154.
2. Textile Commissioner. Handbook of Power-loom Industry. New Delhi: Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India; 2006.
3. Textile Committee. A survey of various aspects of the power-loom sector of the textile industry in Maharashtra. Mumbai: Textile Committee, Govt. of India; 1996.
4. Shete S, Mali N, Kankur K, Phule S. Levels of socioeconomic development in solapur district–a geographical analysis. Int Res J 2009;2:542-5.
5. http://business.mapsofindia.com. [Last Accessed on 31 Mar 2014]
6. http://midcindia.org. [Last Accessed on 31 Mar 2014]
7. Safety requirements for the textile industry: American National Standards Institute. The Institute, New York, standard No ANSI L1. 1–1972, 1972. Abstr. in World Textile Abstracts. Appl Erg 1973;4:222-3.
8. Suryakar A, Katkan R, Dhadke V, Bhogade R. A study of oxidative stress in cotton industry workers from Solapur city. Bio Res 2010;21:260-4.
9. Agnihotram R. An overview of occupational health research in India. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2005;9:10-4.
10. Knutsson A. Health disorders of shift workers. Occup Med 2003;53:103-8.
11. Metgud D, Khatri S, Mokashi M, Saha P. An ergonomic study of women workers in a woolen textile factory for identification of health-related problems. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2008;2:14-9.
12. Sant S, Ahsan A, Jaiswal K, Kumar S, Ang H, Singh A. A study on adverse effect of smoke/flue on lung functions of glass factory workers of Firozabad district. Indian J Com Health 2014;26:41-53.
13. Müezzino A. Air pollutant emission potentials of cotton textile manufacturing industry. J Clean Prod 1998;6:339-47.
14. Spiro T, Stigliani W. Chemistry for the environment: Upper Saddle River. New Jersey, Prentice Hall; 1996.
15. Hendrickson J, Cram D, Hammond G. Organic chemistry. New York, McGraw-Hill; 1995.
16. Gupta S, Malhotra V, Tripathi Y, Deva P. Respiratory functions in textile mill workers: role of peak expiratory flow rate. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2017;10:306-8.
17. Ayesha Anjum, Ashfaq Ahmad Mann, M Aqeel Anjum. Health concerns among workers in weaving industry: a case study of tehsil faialabad, Pakistan. J Agric Soc Sci 2009;5:106-8.
18. Livingstone J, Ploof J. The Object of Labor: art, cloth, and cultural production. School of the Art Institute of Chicago Press; Cambridge, UK; 2007.
19. Duggal R, Dilip TR, Prashant R. Health and health care in maharashtra–a status report; 2005. http://hetv.org/pdf/ maharashtra/hhmbook.pdf. [Last Accessed on 31 Mar 2014]
20. Samiya A, Kelvin T, Alexandra C, Matthew C. Health and Safety in the Textile Dyeing Industry; 2007.
21. Hethorn J, Ulasewicz C. Sustainable fashion-why now?: A conversation exploring issues, practices, and possibilities. A and C Black Publishers Ltd, New York, USA; 2008.
22. M Anitha, Monica Roselin E, Monisha Dm, Chella Karthik J. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among medicos in both male and female students. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2016;9:289-91.
Statistics
315 Views | 627 Downloads
Citatons
How to Cite
Kolgiri, S., and R. Hiremath. “IMPLEMENTING SUSTAINABLE ERGONOMICS FOR POWER-LOOM TEXTILE WORKERS”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 10, no. 6, June 2018, pp. 108-12, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2018v10i6.26213.
Section
Original Article(s)