• MAHMOUD M. AHMED Department of Pharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt


Objective: The aim of this study is to prepare floating hollow microspheres encapsulating Sorafenib (SFN) to enhance its oral bioavailability. 

Methods: Gastro-floating hollow adhesive microspheres containing SFN were produced by using an emulsion solvent evaporation technique with ether and ethanol as solvents. Ethyl cellulose and carbopol 934P were used as the encapsulating carriers. The effects of formulation parameters like, solvent volume ratio, and drug to polymer ratio (D: P ratio), encapsulation efficiency percentage EE%, floating percentage, and release of SFN after 12 h (Rel12) were investigated and analyzed using a (32) full factorial design.

Results: The floating percentage of the microspheres was found to be 76.5%. The in vitro drug release from these hollow microspheres followed the Higuchi model equation. The in vivo results showed that approximately 1.96-fold improvement in the relative bioavailability of the microspheres compared with that of the commercial tablet. 

Conclusion: The results demonstrate that the hollow microspheres with good gastro-floating ability are a promising delivery system to enhance SFN bioavailability.

Keywords: Sorafenib, Gastro-floating, Microspheres, Ethyl cellulose, Carbopol 934P, Factorial design


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How to Cite
AHMED, M. M. “EFFECT OF DIFFERENT FORMULATION VARIABLES ON RELEASE CHARACTERISTICS OF GASTRO-FLOATING MICROSPHERES OF ETHYL CELLULOSE/CARBOPOL 934P ENCAPSULATING SORAFENIB”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 11, no. 10, Oct. 2019, pp. 64-70, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2019v11i10.34290.
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