• Atmaram Pawar
  • Akshay Kamble
  • Swati Korake
  • Vividha Dhapte-Pawar


Fixed dose combinations can be useful for the patient if they are being formulated with a rationale. The term ‘rationality’ means the drugs which are been combined has an effective action than their respective individual dose without adverse effects. However, the Indian markets are flooded with irrational and unapproved fixed drug combinations (FDC) drugs owing to lack of control and vague regulations. Currently, this issue of FDC has been addressed properly. In support to the same, we performed a study on antibacterial and antiprotozoal FDC products (ofloxacins and azoles), prescribed for the treatment of diarrhea. Rationality of this combination was verified by assessing parameters such as in vitro dissolution, ex vivo permeation and antimicrobial studies. These studies were performed on individual as well as combination doses for the synergistic effect with comparative study to verify the rationale of FDC formulation.

Keywords: Fixed dose combination, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, tinidazole, dissolution, permeation, antimicrobial.


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Pawar, A., A. Kamble, S. Korake, and V. Dhapte-Pawar. “ASSESSING THE RATIONALE OF FDC CONTAINING OFLOXACINS AND AZOLES: DISSOLUTION, PERMEATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL STUDIES”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 12, no. 1, Nov. 2019,
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