PRESCRIPTION ANALYSIS, DRUG INTERACTION CHECKING AND IMPACT OF PATIENT COUNSELING BY A CLINICAL PHARMACIST IN TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL-A PROSPECTIVE STUDY
Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, Prescription analysis, Drug Interaction, Patient counseling
Objective: To evaluate the clinical pharmacist role in the prescription analysis, drug interaction and the impact of patient counseling in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Methods: A prospective study was conducted in 203 type II Diabetes Mellitus patients for a period of 6 mo in the Diabetology department. Prescriptions were analyzed and self-care assessment for good health practices were collected using a questionnaire and the adherence scores were calculated. Patient counseling was provided to the patient and a follow up was done using the same self care assessment questionnaire.
Results: Out of 203 patients, 86 multiple therapy, 68 dual therapy and 49 monotherapy were observed. Glimepiride+Metformin (54), a combination of short acting and intermediate-acting insulin (41) was the most commonly prescribed drugs. Out of 1102 drugs, 488 were anti diabetic drugs, 35 were antibiotics, 579 were other drug classes prescribed. The drug interactions were reported. The adherence score shows a highly significant impact after counseling.
Conclusion: The results of the current study helps to understand the changes in prescription pattern, drug interactions and the impact of patient counseling by a clinical pharmacist.
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