INFLUENCE OF PHARMACEUTICAL CARE ACTIVITIES ON KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE (KAP) AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of pharmaceutical care activities on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among type 2 diabetic patients.
METHODS: A total of about 301 patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus were recruited from a tertiary care hospital. Patients were educated about their disease condition, lifestyle modifications and diet regimen to be followed and were given instructions for improving medication adherence. In the initial session, no pharmaceutical care was given, in the second session patient counseling was given verbally and in the last session patient counseling was given both verbally and non-verbally by means of pamphlets distribution. KAP questionnaire and glycemic levels (glycated hemoglobin, fasting blood sugar and post-prandial blood sugar) of participants were obtained at baseline and at follow up.
RESULTS: Statistical analysis were performed and found that there were significant changes in FBS, PPBS, HbA1c values and KAP scores after intervention by the pharmacist.
DISCUSSION: Drugs are helpful to reduce and manage the glycemic levels in diabetic patients only, if the patients are adherent to the medications properly. This can be achieved by properly guiding and educating the patients. Hence the study proved that educating the patient by trained pharmacist is helpful to manage the disease.
CONCLUSION: Pharmaceutical care provided by trained pharmacist had a positive impact in the better management of diabetes and in the prevention of diabetic complications.
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