ANALYSIS OF ADVERSE DRUG EVENTS REPORTED AT PERIPHERAL ADR MONITORING CENTRE IN GUJARAT
Keywords:Adverse Drug reaction monitoring, Causality Assessment, Health Care Professional
Objective: Hospital-based ADR (Adverse drug reaction) monitoring and reporting programmes are useful for identifying and minimizing preventable ADRs and may enhance the ability of prescribers to manage ADRs more effectively. The objective of this study was to evaluate and analyze the spontaneously reported adverse drug events from various departments of Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad.
Methods: This was a retrospective study and data was analyzed for adverse drug events reported during the period of April 2018 to March 2019 from various departments of Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad. Analysis was done on the basis of the demographic profile of patients, health care professionals who have reported and drugs causing ADRs, with their causality assessment using WHO probability scale.
Results: Out of 36 patients, 20 (55.55%) were males and 16 (44.44%) were females. Antibiotics were the most common culprit group of drugs for reported ADRs in 21 patients. The number of ADRS related to the skin was 21 (58.33%) followed by GIT 11 (30.55%), cardiovascular 2(5.55%) and neuronal 2(5.55%). According to WHO causality assessment scale 01 (2.77%) of the suspected ADR was certain, 27(75%) were probable and 8 (22.22%) were possible.
Conclusion: Our study concluded that the most commonly reported ADRs were dermatological reactions like itching and rashes. Antimicrobials were the most common drug group involved in causing ADRs. Even though there were continuous efforts for adverse drug event reporting awareness, still there is need to sensitize health care professionals to improve reporting.
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