• FIROZ H. M. Star Hi Herbs Pvt Ltd, Plot No. 50, 3rd Road, 1st Phase, KIADB Industrial Area, Jigani Bangalore 560105, Karnataka, India
  • NANJUNDAIAH S. Star Hi Herbs Pvt Ltd, Plot No. 50, 3rd Road, 1st Phase, KIADB Industrial Area, Jigani Bangalore 560105, Karnataka, India
  • SADASHIVA C. T. Star Hi Herbs Pvt Ltd, Plot No. 50, 3rd Road, 1st Phase, KIADB Industrial Area, Jigani Bangalore 560105, Karnataka, India


Objective: In this study, we investigated the hepatoprotective activity of Turmesac® on Human liver cells (HepG2 cell line) and anti-inflammatory effect on Murine macrophages (Raw 264.7 cell line) by flow Cytometry.

Methods: Cell viability of HepG2 and Raw 264.7 cells determined by the MTT [3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-Diphenyltetrazolium Bromide] assay to identify a non-cytotoxic concentration of Turmesac® for the respective cell lines after 24 h exposure period. Further hepatoprotective effect of Turmesac® was performed in H2O2 treated liver cells using H2DCF-DA staining by flow cytometry. The anti-inflammatory potency of Turmesac® was evaluated in Lipopolysaccharide (LPS 2µg/ml) stimulated Murine Raw 264.7 macrophages by measuring the relative fluorescence intensity of 2 cytokines, Interleukin-8(IL-8) and (Interleukin-12) IL-12 by flow cytometric analysis.

Results: Turmesac® concentrations of less than 50μg/ml did not show significant cytotoxicity on both HepG2 and Raw 264.7, cell lines following the treatment period of 24 h and selected 50μg/ml as the optimum concentration for hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory models. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) study revealed that Turmesac® (50μg/ml) effectively suppressed the H2DCF-DA expression in HepG2 cells. Secondly, Turmesac® significantly suppressed the anti-inflammatory cytokine expressions of IL-8 and IL-12 in LPS pre-stimulated cells categorising as a potentially potent anti-inflammatory drug. The mean fluorescence intensity percentage of IL-8 is control 8.86, LPS 50.49, Turmesac® 19.63 and IL12 is control 10.41, LPS 68.94, and Turmesac® 15.79 respectively.

Conclusion: This study highlighted that Turmesac® could be considered as a promising hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory compound and a therapeutic agent in curing liver-related and inflammation-related diseases.

Keywords: Nil, HepG2, Raw 264.7, MTT, Flow cytometry, IL-8, IL-12, Hepatoprotective, H2DCFDA and anti-inflammatory


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How to Cite
H. M., F., N. S., and S. C. T. “IN VITRO ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF TURMESAC®”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 12, no. 9, Sept. 2020, pp. 49-53, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2020v12i9.38173.
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