IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF PREDIABETES-A RURAL INDIAN STUDY (A CORRELATIVE STUDY BETWEEN QUESTIONNAIRE AND BIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS)
Objective: To identify and prevent the vulnerable prediabetic population becoming diabetic patients in the future using the Indian Diabetic Risk Score (IDRS) and to evaluate the performance of the IDRS questionnaire for detecting prediabetes and predicting the risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Chidambaram rural Indian population.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among patients attending a master health check-up of RMMCH hospital located at Chidambaram. The IDRS was calculated by using four simple measures of age, family history of diabetes, physical activity, and waist measurement. The relevant blood test, like Fasting plasma glucose (FBS), Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) test, were observed for identifying prediabetes. Subjects were classified as Normoglycemic, prediabetics, and diabetics based on the questionnaire and diagnostic criteria of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) guidelines.
Results: In the study, sensitivity and specificity of IDRS score were found to be 84.21% and 63.4% respectively for detecting prediabetes in community with the positive predictive value of 51.6% and negative predictive value of 89.6% and prevalence of prediabetes in the Chidambaram rural population is 31.6% among the 60 participants.
Conclusion: The Indian diabetic risk score questionnaire designed by Madras diabetic research federation is a useful screening tool to identify unknown type 2 diabetes mellitus. The questionnaire is a reliable, valuable, and easy to use screening tool which can be used in a primary care setup.
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