THERAPEUTIC EFFECT OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES AGAINST DIETHYL NITROSAMIN AND CARBON TETTRACHLORIDE-INDUCED HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA IN RATS

  • MARWA T. HASSEN Department of Zoology, Faculty of Women for Arts, Science and Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
  • NAJAT JABBAR AHMED Erbil Technical Health College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq
  • HANAA K. MOHAMED Department of Zoology, Faculty of Women for Arts, Science and Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract

Objective: Hepatic cancer is known as primary liver cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Newly silver nanoparticles gained importance due to its advantages and multiple potential such as molecular imaging agent, antimicrobial, wound healing, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity. The current study deals to assess therapeutic property silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against diethylnitrosamine (DENA), and carbon tetrachloride (CCL4) induced hepatic cancer.


Methods: Thirty male albino rats (200-250g) were distributed into four groups and hepatic cancer was induced with a single intraperitoneal dose of 200 mg/kg body weight of DENA. Two weeks later, animals received subcutaneous injections of CCl4 once a week in a dose of 3 ml/kg body weight for 6weeks. Serum biomarkers, antioxidants enzymes, inflammatory markers were evaluated to find the anti-proliferative potential of silver nanoparticles. Histological evaluation and microscopic reports were also done to document the results of the current work.


Results: AgNPs significantly recover the serum marker enzymes of hepatic parameter AST, ALT, ALP, and total bilirubin and also decreased the levels of NO, IL-6 and TNF-α. Histopathological features also exhibited recovery of a hepatic architecture in cancer-induced rats. Moreover, the immunohistochemical investigation demonstrated that the levels of PCNA, and Caspase-3, which are hepatocarcinogenic markers, were significantly improved by AgNPs.


Conclusion: These results concluded that AgNPs showed promising curing effects on hepatocellular ailments.

Keywords: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), Diethylnitrosoamine (DENA), Carbon tetrachloride (CCL4), Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), Apoptosis, Interleukin-6(IL-6)

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HASSEN, M. T., N. J. AHMED, and H. K. MOHAMED. “THERAPEUTIC EFFECT OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES AGAINST DIETHYL NITROSAMIN AND CARBON TETTRACHLORIDE-INDUCED HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA IN RATS”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 12, no. 9, July 2020, pp. 1-8, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2020v12i9.38813.
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