HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS MINOR AILMENTS AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN MALAYSIA

  • Li Ying TAN School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Taylor's University
  • Siew Siang CHUA School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Taylor's University

Abstract

Objectives: This study was conducted to identify the types of minor ailment encountered by university students in Malaysia and the action taken in response to these ailments.


Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on undergraduate students from the various faculties in a major private and a public university in Malaysia. A researcher stationed at different areas of the universities to recruit respondents. If the student agreed to participate, he/she would sign a consent form and then self-filled a structured questionnaire.


Results: Of the 856 respondents included in this study, 68.6% were female and 60.6% rated their health status as ‘good’ or ‘very good’. During the one-month period prior to the study, 748 respondents (87.4%) encountered at least one minor ailment. The five most common minor ailments encountered were headache (58.1%), common cold (42.8%), sore throat (42.6%), cough (40.3%) and back pain (27.6%). The main actions taken were rest at home and self-medication. The most common drug used for the treatment of minor ailments was paracetamol (49% of respondents). Other drugs were used by less than 10% of the respondents. The main source of information was from parents (63.7%), followed by doctors (59.9%), internet (57.9%), pharmacists (33.9%) and friends (33.5%).   


Conclusion: Headache is more common among university students compared to the general population. Further studies are required to understand the cause of headache among this population. 

Keywords: Health behaviour, Medication, Minor ailment, Self-medication, Undergraduates

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Tan, L. Y., and S. S. CHUA. “HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS MINOR AILMENTS AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN MALAYSIA”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 13, no. 2, Jan. 2021, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/39596.
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