• I Putu Gede Adiatmika Udayana University
  • KOJI TERASAWA Shinshu University Japan
  • Suchindra Jarupat Maruo
  • Keisuke Nakade Shinshu University Japan
  • Toshiaki Watanade Shinshu University Japan
  • Saiki Terasawa Shinshu University Japan
  • Toshie Kobayashi Seisen Jogakuin College Japan
  • Yong Zhang Nagano Prefectural College Japan
  • Koki Nakajima Matsumoto University Japan
  • Fumihito Sasamori Shinshu University Japan


Objective: The population of senior citizens has increased and need more care for quality of life. Health education is one non-pharmacological therapy to improve physical fitness, blood chemistry and brain function. This research was done to evaluate the health education effect on the physical fitness, blood chemistry and brain function of rural and urban senior citizens in Bali. Method: Participants in Tabanan, Indonesia totaled 60 people age 67.9 ± 1.2 years, and in Denpasar, Indonesia totaled 72 people age 67.3 ± 0.6 years. The health education using Japanese style healthcare program lasted 8 months combine in Balinese culture, and it measured their physical fitness, blood chemistry, and brain function before and after this period. Results: The average walking steps in Tabanan were 4247.2 ± 98.9, and in Denpasar. Weight and girth of the abdomen had no significant difference in Tabanan and Denpasar. Physical fitness of senior citizens in Tabanan and Denpasar were significantly improved. Blood chemistry, in Tabanan, there was no significant difference after the program. In Denpasar, the HDL and LDL significantly improved. Brain function was significantly improved after the program. Conclusion: Health education using Japanese style healthcare program base on Balinese culture as non-pharmacological therapy has beneficial effects for physical fitness, blood chemistry and brain function on senior citizens in both urban and rural areas in Bali, Indonesia. Its suggested to continue health education for continuing senior citizens health program.

Keywords: health education, physical fitness, blood chemistry, senior citizens


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Adiatmika, I. P. G., K. TERASAWA, S. Jarupat Maruo, K. Nakade, T. Watanade, S. Terasawa, T. Kobayashi, Y. Zhang, K. Nakajima, and F. Sasamori. “HEALTH EDUCATION AS NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPHY ON PHYSICAL FITNESS, BLOOD CHEMISTRY AND BRAIN FUNCTION AMONG SENIOR CITIZEN IN BOTH RURAL AND URBAN AREAS OF BALI, INDONESIA”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 13, no. 2, Jan. 2021,
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