THE EFFECT OF HEALTH EDUCATION AS NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPY ON PHYSICAL FITNESS, BLOOD CHEMISTRY AND BRAIN FUNCTION AMONG SENIOR CITIZEN IN BOTH RURAL AND URBAN AREAS OF BALI, INDONESIA

  • I PUTU GEDE ADIATMIKA Department of Physiology Udayana University, Faculty of Medicine, JI. PB Sudirman, Denpasar-Bali, Indonesia
  • KOJI TERASAWA Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 3908621 Japan
  • SUCHINDA JARUPAT MARUO Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, 420/1 Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
  • KEISUKE NAKADE Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 3908621 Japan
  • TOSHIAKI WATANABE Shinshu University Faculty of Education 6-Ro Nishinagano, Nagano, 3808544, Japan
  • SAIKI TERASAWA Shinshu University Faculty of Engineering 4-17-1 Wakasato, Nagano, 3808553, Japan
  • TOSHIE KOBAYASHI Matsumoto University Niimura 2095-1, Matsumoto, Nagano, 3901295 Japan
  • YONG ZHANG The University of Nagano 8-49-7 Miwa Nagano, 3808525
  • KOKI NAKAJIMA Matsumoto University Niimura 2095-1, Matsumoto, Nagano, 3901295 Japan
  • FUMIHITO SASAMORI Shinshu University Faculty of Engineering 4-17-1 Wakasato, Nagano, 3808553, Japan

Abstract

Objective: The population of senior citizens has increased and needs more care for the quality of life. Health education is a non-pharmacological therapy to improve physical fitness, blood chemistry and brain function. This research was performed to evaluate the effect of health education on the physical fitness, blood chemistry and brain function of senior citizens in rural and urban Bali.


Methods: A total of 60 people aged 67.9±1.2 y were recruited from Tabanan, Indonesia, and 72 people aged 67.3±0.6 y were recruited from Denpasar, Indonesia. The health education program lasted 8 mo, used Japanese-style healthcare modified for the Balinese culture, and measured physical fitness, blood chemistry, and brain function before and after the educational period.


Results: The average number of steps in Tabanan was 4247.2±98.9, and those in Denpasar were 4336.1±102.4. The weight and waist circumference were not significantly different between the Tabanan and Denpasar samples. The physical fitness of senior citizens in Tabanan and Denpasar improved significantly. Blood chemistry in the Tabanan sample was not significantly different after the program. In Denpasar, High-Density Lipoprotein and Low-Density Lipoprotein significantly improved. Brain function was significantly improved after the program.


Conclusion: Health education using Japanese-style healthcare programs based on Balinese culture as non-pharmacological therapy has beneficial effects on physical fitness, blood chemistry and brain function in senior citizens in both urban and rural areas in Bali, Indonesia. It is suggested that senior citizens should continue our health education program to maintain their health.

Keywords: Health education, Physical fitness, Blood chemistry, Senior citizens

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ADIATMIKA, I. P. G., K. TERASAWA, S. J. MARUO, K. NAKADE, T. WATANABE, S. TERASAWA, T. KOBAYASHI, Y. ZHANG, K. NAKAJIMA, and F. SASAMORI. “THE EFFECT OF HEALTH EDUCATION AS NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPY ON PHYSICAL FITNESS, BLOOD CHEMISTRY AND BRAIN FUNCTION AMONG SENIOR CITIZEN IN BOTH RURAL AND URBAN AREAS OF BALI, INDONESIA”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 13, no. 2, Feb. 2021, pp. 24-28, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2021v13i2.40151.
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