ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE PROFILES OF BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM CHICKEN DROPPINGS IN DAR ES SALAAM

  • Kennedy Daniel Mwambete Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, School of Pharmacy, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Wilbard Semvua Stephen Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, School of Pharmacy, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences

Abstract

Objective: To determine resistance profiles of bacteria isolated from chicken droppings.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study involving collection of fresh chicken droppings from 100 chickens from 13 localities; followed by microbiological analysis using standard procedures. Multiple antibiotic resistance indices (MAR) were also determined for each of the isolated bacteria.

Results: A total of 188 bacteria were isolated and subjected to susceptibility testing against 9 commonly used antibiotics. All tested bacteria exhibited multiple resistance to the antibiotics with MAR rates in this order Escherichia coli>Pseudomonas aeruginosa>Klebsiella pneumoniae>Staphylococcus aureus. More than half of P. aeruginosa and Salmonella typhi isolates were resistant to Ceftriaxone and Amikacin, while 77% of K. pneumoniae isolates were resistant to Chloramphenicol.

Conclusion: High rates of antibiotic resistance were observed to clinically used antibiotics among the isolated bacteria; suggesting that chicken rearing may serve as the reservoir of antibacterial resistant bacteria transmissible to human through the food chain.

 

Keywords: Chicken feces, Bacterial isolates, Multiple antibiotic resistance index

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Author Biography

Kennedy Daniel Mwambete, Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, School of Pharmacy, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
 

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How to Cite
Mwambete, K. D., and W. S. Stephen. “ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE PROFILES OF BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM CHICKEN DROPPINGS IN DAR ES SALAAM”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 7, no. 9, July 2015, pp. 268-71, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/6248.
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