INVESTIGATION OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF RHIZOSPHERE SEDIMENTS FROM EAST COAST REGION, TAMIL NADU, INDIA

  • D. Thirumurugan Department of Biotechnology, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram, TN, India
  • R. Vijayakumar Department of Microbiology, Bharathidasan University Constituent College, Perambalur, TN, India

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the present study was aimed the physicochemical properties of rhizosphere sediments from the East coast region of Tamil Nadu, India, have been investigated for soil pH, ion contents, organic contents, N and P, as well as obtaining the defined data from samples collected at different depths.

Methods: A total of 25 sediment samples from five different locations was collected at a depth of 5–20 cm from the earth’s surface and analyzed for the physicochemical parameters by standard methods.

Results: The physical parameters of sediment show pH 8.02–8.36, salinity shows high in the aqueous solution of clayey sediment, ranging from a minimum of 3.2 and maximum of 5.4 dsm−1. Lime content and texture shows silt to clay loam, respectively. The chemical parameters include macronutrients such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and micronutrients such as zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (I), and manganese (Mn) were analyzed. The N, P, and K ranged from 87.5–110.5 (kg/ac), 2.9–4.5 (kg/ac), 132–169 (ppm) and the micronutrients ranged from 1.2–1.36, 0.70–1.06, 5.63–9.64, and 3.06–3.63 mg/kg, respectively.

Conclusion: The nutrient contents of the coastal sediment may vary depending on the fluctuation of the nutrient cycle from high to low. The physical properties of the soil were strongly correlated with soil fertility. Favorable physical properties occurs in highly weathered and nutrient depleted soils and limiting physical properties occurs in the least weathered and more fertile soils. Hence, they require frequent analysis of physicochemical parameters to enhance the growth of plants in a successful manner.

Keywords: East coastal sediments, Physico-chemical parameters, Macro and micronutrients.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

D. Thirumurugan, Department of Biotechnology, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram, TN, India

Asst. Professor

Biotechnology

References

1. Cholarajan A, Vijayakumar R. Status of micronutrients in terrestrial soils of Thanjavur district, Tamilnadu, India. E3 J Agric Res Dev 2013;3:59-63.
2. Sharma JC, Chaudhary SK. Vertical distribution of micronutrient cations in relation to soil characteristics in lower shiwalika of solan district in North-West Himalayas. J Indian Soc Soil Sci 2007;55:40-4.
3. Saenger P. Mangrove ecology, Silviculture and Conservation. Kluwer: Dordrecht; 2002. p. 37.
4. Klekowski EJ, Lowenfeld RL, Hepler PK. Mangrove genetics II. Outcrossing and lower spontaneous mutation rates in puerto rican rhizophora. Int J Plant Sci 1994;155:373-81.
5. Seralathan P, Sreenivasulu S, Ramanathan AL, Rajamanickam GV, Nagendra R, Singarasubramaniam SR. et al. Post-tsunami sediment characteristics of Tamilnadu coast. In: Rajamanikkam GV. Ed. 26th December 2004 Tsunami: Causes, Effects Remedial Measures, Pre and Post Tsunami Disaster Management. A Geoscience Perspective; Department of Science and Technology Report; New Delhi; 2006. p. 196-209.
6. Black CA. Methods of soil analysis–part-II. 1st ed. USA: Society of Agronomy Inc. Publication; 1965. p. 79.
7. Koehler FE, Moodie CD, McNeal BL. Laboratory manual for soil fertility. Washington State University: USA; 1984. p. 77.
8. Subbiah BV, Asija GL. A rapid method for estimation of available nitrogen in soil. Curr Sci 1956;25:258-60.
9. Bray RH, Kurtz LT. Determination of total organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Sci 1945;59:39-45.
10. Standfold S, English L. Use of flame photometer in rapid soil test for K and Ca. Agron J 1949;41:446-7.
11. Havlin JL, Sultanpour PN. Evaluation of the AB-DTPA soil tests for iron and zinc. Soil Sci Soc Am J 1981;45:55-70.
12. Srivastava J, Farooqui A, Hussain SM. Sedimentology and salinity status in pichavaram mangrove wetland, south-east coast of India. Int J Geol Earth Environ Sci 2012;2:7-15.
13. Wahid SM, Babel MS, Bhuiyan AR. Hydro-logic monitoring and analysis in the sundarbans mangrove ecosystem, of Bangladesh. J Hydrol 2007;332:381-95.
14. Attah LE. Physico-chemical characteristics of the rhizosphere soils of some cereal crops in Ambo Woreda, West Shoa, Ethiopia. Maejo Int J Sci Technol 2010;4:93-100.
Statistics
167 Views | 554 Downloads
How to Cite
Thirumurugan, D., and R. Vijayakumar. “INVESTIGATION OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF RHIZOSPHERE SEDIMENTS FROM EAST COAST REGION, TAMIL NADU, INDIA”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 8, no. 2, Feb. 2016, pp. 332-4, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/7207.
Section
Short Communication(s)