ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY OF LIFE, COMPLICATIONS AND POST-TRANSFUSION ADVERSE REACTIONS IN THALASSEMIA PEDIATRIC IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

  • Shraddha Devarshi Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, Pharm. D students
  • Sonia James Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, Pharm. D students
  • Ehsan Najafzadeh Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, Pharm. D students
  • Sunita Pawar Asst. Professor, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune
  • Vijay Kalrao Head of Pediatric Department, Professor, Bharati Hospital and Research Centre, Pune
  • Vibha Bafna Head of Pediatric Department, Professor, Bharati Hospital and Research Centre, Pune

Abstract

Objective: To assess the quality of life, investigate complications and adverse transfusion reactions post blood transfusion in thalassemia pediatric.

Methods: A prospective, observational study was conducted over a period of six months in the pediatric department of Bharati hospital and research center, Pune. Thalassemia patient profile form was used for collecting demographic details, to record adverse transfusion reactions and complications. Using PedsQLâ„¢ (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory) questionnaire thalassemia patients, and the control group was interviewed to assess their quality of life.

Results: Out of 39 patients who were enrolled, 28 patients were above the age of 3 y; their overall quality of life score was significantly lower in thalassemia pediatric than healthy control. School function was a most affected domain. 53.84% had post-transfusion fever, 5.1% of respiratory distress while 41.06% had myalgia, swelling at IV site, headache, and vomiting. Out of 39 patients, 24 patients examined for complications; 33.34% had hepatosplenomegaly, 25% had infections, 16.66% had splenomegaly, 13.88% had cardiac complications, 8.34% had bone deformity, and 2.78% had growth failure.

Conclusion: It was found that there was a significant decrease in the quality of life domains in thalassemia pediatric compared to control group. School domain was most affected. Hepatosplenomegaly is one of the leading complications observed in this study. Most common transfusion-related reaction was post-transfusion fever. Public awareness and preventive measures such as pre-marital and prenatal testing should be done to eliminate this fatal disease.

Keywords: Thalassemia, Quality of life, PedsQLâ„¢, Adverse transfusion reactions, Complication in Thalassemia.

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Author Biography

Sunita Pawar, Asst. Professor, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune
ASST. prof. Department of clinical pharmacy, Poona college of pharmacy, bharati vidyapeeth deemed university, pune

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How to Cite
Devarshi, S., S. James, E. Najafzadeh, S. Pawar, V. Kalrao, and V. Bafna. “ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY OF LIFE, COMPLICATIONS AND POST-TRANSFUSION ADVERSE REACTIONS IN THALASSEMIA PEDIATRIC IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 8, no. 2, Feb. 2016, pp. 317-23, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijpps/article/view/8853.
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