DETERMINATION OF BIOACTIVE COMPONENTS OF BARLERIA COURTALLICA NEES (ACANTHACEAE) BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY–MASS SPECTROMETRY ANALYSIS


Ponmathi Sujatha A, Michael Evanjaline R, Muthukumarasamy S, Mohan Vr

Abstract


Objective: The present investigation was carried out to determine the possible bioactive components of stem, root, and leaf of Barleria courtallica Nees using a gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS).

Methods: The phytocomponents of the ethanol extracts of stem, root, and leaf of B. courtallica were investigated using PerkinElmer GC-MS, while the mass spectra of the compounds found in the extracts were matched with the National Institute of Standards and Technology version II library.

Results: 25, 23, and 28 compounds were identified in the ethanol extracts of stem, root, and leaf of B. courtallica, respectively. The prevailing compounds of stem were β-sitosterol (20.27%), stigmasterol (17.07%), eicosane, 7-hexyl- (6.64%), 3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-2-hexadecan-1-ol (5.97%), and tetracosane, 11-decyl- (5.91%). The major constituents recorded from root extract of B. courtallica were β-sitosterol (22.94%), stigmasterol (20.17%), urs-12-en-28-oic acid, 3-hydroxy-, methyl ester, (3β)- (18.42%), and eiosane, 7-hexyl- (7.06%). The prevailing compounds of leaf were 3,7,11,15- tetramethyl-2-hexadecan-1-ol (34.42%), phytol (14.18%), β-sitosterol (12.71%), squalene (11.25%), stigmasterol (8.15%), phytol acetate (6.53%).

Conclusions: From the results, it is evident that B. courtallica contains various bioactive compounds and is recommended as a plant of phytopharmaceutical importance.


Keywords


Barleria courtallica, Bioactive components, Phytol, Acetate, Squalene.

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About this article

Title

DETERMINATION OF BIOACTIVE COMPONENTS OF BARLERIA COURTALLICA NEES (ACANTHACEAE) BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY–MASS SPECTROMETRY ANALYSIS

Keywords

Barleria courtallica, Bioactive components, Phytol, Acetate, Squalene.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i6.18035

Date

01-06-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 6 June 2017 Page: 273-283

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

33 Views | 19 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Ponmathi Sujatha A
Research Department of Botany, Ethnopharmacology Unit, V.O. Chidambaram College, Tuticorin - 628 008, Tamil Nadu, India
India

Michael Evanjaline R
Research Department of Botany, Ethnopharmacology Unit, V.O. Chidambaram College, Tuticorin - 628 008, Tamil Nadu, India
India

Muthukumarasamy S
Department of Botany, Sri K.G.S. Arts College, Srivaikuntam - 628 619, Tamil Nadu, India.
India

Mohan Vr
Research Department of Botany, Ethnopharmacology Unit, V.O. Chidambaram College, Tuticorin - 628 008, Tamil Nadu, India
India


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