PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY OF THE SEA GRASS CYMODOCEACEA FAMILY– A REVIEW


Pushpa Bharathi Namadevan, Vanitha V

Abstract


Cymodoceaceae is a family of flowering plants, sometimes known as the “manatee-grass family,” the family Cymodoceaceae includes only marine species. The angiosperm phylogeny II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, of 1998), does recognize Cymodoceaceae and places it in the order Alismatales, in the clade monocots. They are marine hydrophytes that grow and complete their life cycle in a submerged condition, in a saline environment. Like terrestrial plant they obtain their energy from light through photosynthesis thus, they grow only in clear and shallow water, and at the suitable condition, they form beds or meadows. The family includes five genera, totalling 16 species of marine plants occurring in tropical seas and oceans (so-called seagrasses). Cymodoceaceae consist of five genera such as Amphibolis, Cymodocea, Halodule, Syringodium, and Thalassodendron. In this genera Cymodocea rotundata Ehrenb. and Hempr. Ex Asch. Cymodocea serrulata, (R.Br.) Asch. and Magnus, Halodule pinifolia (Miki) Hartog, Halodule uninervis (Forssk.) Asch and Syringodium isoetifolium (Asch.) are the species mostly adopted in Indian coastal region. These seagrass species have unique nature and wide application to the environment including human being. In this article botanical aspects, phytochemistry and ethnopharmacology of these five seagrass species belong to Cymodoceaceae family will be discussed.


Keywords


Cymodoceaceae, Seagrass, Cymodocea, Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, Hydrophytes, Syringodium isoetifolium, Halodule.

| PDF |

References


Lobstein A, Weniger B, Malecot V, Um BH, Alzate F, Anton R. Polyphenolic content of two Colombian Viburnum species (Caprifoliaceae). Biochem Syst Ecol 2003;31:95-7.

Davis PH, Mill RR, Tan K. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 10. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press; 1988. p. 154.

Cometa MF, Nazzanti G, Tomassini L. Sedative and spasmolytic effects of Viburnum tinus L. and its major pure compounds. Phytother Res 1998;12:89-91. Available from: https://www.eurekamag.com/pdf.

php?pdf=003267340.

Yilmaz BS, Citoglu GS, Altun ML, Ozbek H. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of Viburnum lantana. Pharm Biol 2007;45(3):241-5. Available from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/ pdf/

1080/13880200701213187?needAccess=true.

Baytop T. Therapy with Medicinal Plants in Turkey. 2nd ed. Istanbul: Nobel Tip Kitabevleri; 1999. p. 210.

Iwai K, Onodera A, Matsue H. Antioxidant activity and inhibitory effect of Gamazumi (Viburnum dilatatum THUNB.) on oxidative damage induced by water immersion restraint stress in rats. Int J Food Sci Nutr

;52(5):443-51.

Iwai K, Onodera A, Matsue H. Inhibitory effects of Viburnum dilatatum Thunb. (gamazumi) on oxidation and hyperglycemia in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. J Agric Food Chem

;52(4):1002-7.

Fukuyama Y, Kubo M, Minami H, Yuasa H, Matsuo A, Fujii T, et al. Rearranged vibsane-type diterpenes from Viburnum awabuki and photochemical reaction of vibsanin B. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo)

;53(1):72-80.

Kubo M, Chen IS, Fukuyama Y. Vibsane-type diterpenes from Taiwanese Viburnum odoratissimum. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 2001;49(2):242-5.

Fukuyama Y, Minami H, F ujii H, Tajima M. Triterpenoids from Viburnum suspensum. Phytochemistry 2002;60(8):765-8.

Kagawa M, Minami H, Nakahara M, Takahashi H, Takaoka S, Fukuyama Y. Oleanane-type triterpenes from Viburnum awabuki. Phytochemistry 1998;47(6):1337-41.

Tomassini L, Foddai S, Nicoletti M, Cometa MF, Palazzino G, Galeffi C. Iridoid glucosides from Viburnum ayavacense. Phytochemistry 1997;46(5):901-5.

Fukuyama Y, Minami H, Ichikawa R, Takeuchi K, Kodama M. Hydroperoxylated guaiane-type sesquiterpenes from Viburnum awabuki. Phytochemistry 1996;42:741-6.

Santos SA, Vilela C, Freire CS, Neto CP, Silvestre AJ. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry applied to the identification of valuable phenolic compounds from Eucalyptus wood. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2013;938:65-74.

Zayachkivska OS, Gzhegotsky MR, Terletska OI, Lutsyk DA, Yaschenko AM, Dzhura OR. Influence of Viburnum opulus

proanthocyanidins on stress-induced gastrointestinal mucosal damage. J Physiol Pharmacol 2006;57 Suppl 5:155-67.

Iwai K, Kim MY, Onodera A, Matsue H. Alpha-glucosidase inhibitory and antihyperglycemic effects of polyphenols in the fruit of Viburnum dilatatum Thunb. J Agric Food Chem 2006;54(13):4588-92.

Adebayo AH, Aliyu R, Gatsing D, Garba IH. The effects of ethanolic leaf extract of Commiphora africana (Burseraceae) on lipid profile in rats. Int J Pharmacol 2006;2:618-22. Available from: http://www. scialert.net/abstract/ doi=ijp.

618.622.

Harborne JB. Phytochemical Methods: A Guide to Modern Techniques of Plant Analysis. London: Chapman and Hall; 1973.

National Institute of Health (NIH). Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. USA: NIH Publication; 1985. p. 85-123.

Adebayo AH, Abolaji AO, Opata TK, Adegbenro IK. Efects of ethanolic leaf extract of Chrysophyllum albidum G. on biochemical and haematological parameters of albino Wistar rats. Afr J Biotechnol 2010;9(14):2145-50. Available from: http://www.academicjournals. org/journal/AJB/article-abstract/2AB347320356.

Tietz NW, Rinker AD, Shaw LM. IFCC methods for the measurement of catalytic concentration of enzymes part 5. IFCC method for alkaline phosphatase (orthophosphoric-monoester phosphohydrolase, alkaline optimum, EC 3.1.3.1). J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 1983;21(11):731-48.

Bergmeyer HU, Herder M, Rej R. International Federation of Clinical Chemistry (IFCC) scientific Committee, analytical section: Approved recommendation (1985) on IFCC methods for the measurement of catalytic concentration of enzymes. Part 2. IFCC method for aspartate aminotransferase (L-aspartate: 2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase, EC 2.6.1:1.). J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 1986a;24(7):497-510.

Bergmeyer HU, Hørder M, Rej R. International Federation of Clinical Chemistry (IFCC) scientific Committee, analytical section: Approved recommendation (1985) on IFCC methods for the measurement of catalytic concentration of enzymes. Part 3. IFCC method for alanine aminotransferase (L-alanine: 2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase, EC 2.6.1:2.). J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 1986b;24(7):481-95.

Doumas BT, Perry BW, Sasse EA, Straumfjord Jr JV. Standardization in bilirubin assays: Evaluation of selected methods and stability of bilirubin solutions. Clin Chem 1973;19(9):984-93. Available from: http://www.clinchem.aaccjnls.org/

content/ clinchem /19/9/984.full.pdf.

Doumas BT, Watson WA, Biggs HG. Albumin standards and the measurement of serum albumin with bromcresol green. Clin Chim Acta 1971;31(1):87-96.

Krieg M, Gunsser KJ, Steinhagen-Thiessen E, Becker H. Comparative quantitative clinico-chemical analysis of the characteristics of 24-hour urine and morning urine. J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 1986;24(11):863-9.

Bartels H, Bohmer M. A colorimetric method for determination of serum creatinine. J Clin Chem Acta 1972;37:193.

Abel LL, Levy BB, Brodie BB, Kendall FE. A simplified method for the estimation of total cholesterol in serum and demonstration of its specificity. J Biol Chem 1952;195(1):357-66.

Prajapati ND, Purohit SS, Sharma AK, Kumar A. A Handbook of Medical Plants. India: Agrobios; 2003.

Soetan KO. Evaluation of Some Pharmaceutical and Haematological Activities of Saponins in Guinea Corn (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench). Ibadan: M.Sc Dissertation, Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan; 2003.

Sermakkani M, Thangapandian V. GC-MS analysis of Cassia italica leaf methanol extracts. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2012;5(2):90-4.

Ruby K, Chauhan R, Dwivedi J. Himalayan bergenia a comprehensive review. Int J Pharm Sci 2012;14(2):139-41.

Chauhan R, Ruby K, Dwivedi J. Secondary metabolites found in Bergenia species: A compendious review. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2013;5(1):9-16.

Inoue Y, Hada T, Shiraishi A, Hirose K, Hamashima H, Kobayashi S. Biphasic effects of geranylgeraniol, teprenone, and phytol on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2005;49(5):1770-4.

Moonjit D, Himaja M. Phytochemical screening, GC-MS analysis and biological activities of Ipomea eriocarpa leaf extracts. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2014;6(4):592-4.

Gautam N, Mantha AK, Mittal S. Essential oils and their constituents as anticancer agents: A mechanistic view. Biomed Res Int 2014;2014:154106.

Park KR, Nam D, Yun HM, Lee SG, Jang HJ, Sethi G, et al. ß-Caryophyllene oxide inhibits growth and induces apoptosis through the suppression of PI3K/AKT/mTOR/S6K1 pathways and ROSmediated MAPKs activation. Cancer Lett 2011;312(2):178-88.

Santos CC, Salvadori MS, Mota VG, Costa LM, de Almeida AA, de Oliveira GA, et al. Antinociceptive and antioxidant activities of phytol in vivo and in vitro models. Neurosci J 2013;2013:949452.

Adedapo AA, Adegbayibi AY, Emikpe BO. Some clinico-pathological changes associated with the aqueous extract of the leaves of Phyllanthus amarus in rats. Phytother Res 2005;19(11):971-6.

Kaplan LA, Szabo L, Ophenin EK. Clinical Chemistry: Interpretation and Techniques. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger; 1988.

Barnett HA, O’Gara G. Diabetes and the Heart. Clinical Practice Series. Edinburgh, UK: Churchill Livingstone; 2003. p. 7-30.




About this article

Title

PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY OF THE SEA GRASS CYMODOCEACEA FAMILY– A REVIEW

Keywords

Cymodoceaceae, Seagrass, Cymodocea, Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, Hydrophytes, Syringodium isoetifolium, Halodule.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i6.18078

Date

01-06-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 6 June 2017 Page: 19-23

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

87 Views | 22 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Pushpa Bharathi Namadevan
Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Vels University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
India

Vanitha V
Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Vels University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
India


Article Tools


Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.