A STUDY OF URINE FROM HIV-POSITIVE AND HIV-NEGATIVE INDIVIDUALS AT ANDHRA PRADESH


Gundala Obulesu, Hanumanthappa Ar, Prabakar Reddy E

Abstract


Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the variations, if any, in urinary bacterial pathogens in HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals.

Methods: Urine sample, macroscopic and microscopic examination for identification of bacteria use by method of Standard loop method, using identification methods, Grams-staining, Biochemical tests.

Results: Out of 75 HIV-positive males, 52 males were married, 23 males were unmarried; risk factors are sexually 28, occupationally majority were labor, 31, age group more in 19-25 age, only 9 HIV-positive patients presented with symptoms of urinary tract infection, Escherichia coli was the most frequently occurring bacterial isolate from positive urine culture followed by Klebsiella spp.

Conclusion: The study period of 1 year and 8 months revealed that it is difficult to locate/identify an HIV-positive person in a place like Kadapa on account of confidentiality/lack of awareness among the population. Having identified the HIV-positive cases, collection of urine samples from the patients also needed counseling and intervention by the respective clinicians, especially when patients were not having any symptoms. Out of 50 HIV-negative individuals, only 1 (2%) urine sample is showing significant bacteriuria.


Keywords


Urinary tract infection, HIV, AIDS, Bacteria, Antiretroviral therapy.

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About this article

Title

A STUDY OF URINE FROM HIV-POSITIVE AND HIV-NEGATIVE INDIVIDUALS AT ANDHRA PRADESH

Keywords

Urinary tract infection, HIV, AIDS, Bacteria, Antiretroviral therapy.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i6.19376

Date

01-06-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 6 June 2017 Page: 400-402

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Authors & Affiliations

Gundala Obulesu
PhD scholar, Department of Medical Microbiology, Bharath University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
India

Hanumanthappa Ar
Department of Microbiology, J.J.M. Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Prabakar Reddy E
Department of Biochemistry, Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India


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