COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS OF CEFTRIAXONE-AZITHROMYCIN COMBINATION AND SINGLE LEVOFLOXACIN AS EMPIRICAL ANTIBIOTICS IN COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA INPATIENTS AT PERSAHABATAN HOSPITAL


Sri Suratini, Rani Sauriasari, Firzawati Hamadah

Abstract


 

 Objective: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most common infectious diseases. Its prevalence is especially concerning, as the disease severely impacts health and has a high mortality rate. Although antibiotics have been used to treat CAP, their use is often costly and inefficient. Thus, this study aimed to determine the cost-effectiveness of using ceftriaxone-azithromycin combination and single levofloxacin as empirical antibiotics to treat patients with CAP. Cost-effectiveness was analyzed by comparing the direct total medical cost to clinical effectiveness, which was indicated by the respective success rates in each treatment group.

Methods: This study was conducted at Persahabatan Hospital in Jakarta and employed an observational study design, where data were obtained retrospectively from the secondary data contained in medical records for 2014-2016. A total of 100 patients were included in the analysis, with 64 patients using intravenous (iv) antibiotic ceftriaxone and oral azithromycin and 36 patients using iv single levofloxacin.

Results: The median costs of antibiotics were significantly different between the ceftriaxone-azithromycin group and the levofloxacin group: Rp.130.756 and Rp.286.952, respectively. The direct total medical cost in the ceftriaxone-azithromycin group (Rp.6.494.998) was higher than that of the single levofloxacin group (Rp.5.444.242). The success rate was 95.3% in the ceftriaxone-azithromycin group and 97.2% in the levofloxacin group, but there were no significant differences between the two groups. The medians for the length of stay (LOS) and length of stay antibiotic-related (LOSAR) measures in the levofloxacin group were 6 and 5 days, which were shorter than the LOS and LOSAR medians in the ceftriaxone-azithromycin group: 7 days and 6 days, respectively. The average cost-effectiveness ratio value in the levofloxacin group was 56.011% effectiveness lower than that of the ceftriaxone-azithromycin group, which was Rp.68.153% effectiveness.

Conclusions: Based on these results, it can be concluded that levofloxacin is more cost-effective than a combination of ceftriaxone-azithromycin for treating CAP.


Keywords


Cost-effectiveness, Antibiotic, Community-acquired pneumonia, Ceftriaxone, Azithromycin, Levofloxacin.

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About this article

Title

COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS OF CEFTRIAXONE-AZITHROMYCIN COMBINATION AND SINGLE LEVOFLOXACIN AS EMPIRICAL ANTIBIOTICS IN COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA INPATIENTS AT PERSAHABATAN HOSPITAL

Keywords

Cost-effectiveness, Antibiotic, Community-acquired pneumonia, Ceftriaxone, Azithromycin, Levofloxacin.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10s5.23112

Date

01-10-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol. 10, Special Issue (Oct.), 2017 [PTMDS 2017] Page: 118-123

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

154 Views | 52 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Sri Suratini
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
Indonesia

Rani Sauriasari
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
Indonesia

Firzawati Hamadah
Department of Health, Regional General Hospital Bekasi, Bekasi, Indonesia. 3Department of Pharmacy, Persahabatan Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
Indonesia


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