STUDY OF MULTIELEMENTAL CONCENTRATIONS AND NANO-MICRO STRUCTURAL MORPHOLOGY IN MYRTACEAE FAMILY MEDICINAL PLANTS BY FIELD EMISSION SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE-ENERGY DISPERSIVE X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY METHOD

  • TEERTHE SS Department of Physics, Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi – 585 106, Karnataka, India.
  • KERUR BR Department of Physics, Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi – 585 106, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Objective: The essential multielemental analysis was carried out in nano- and microscale surface morphology of two useful selected species of Myrtaceae family medicinal plants such as Eucalyptus and Guava using “field emission scanning electron microscope”–“energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy” (FESEM-EDS). To understand the elemental analysis of medicinal plant used in Bidar, Gulbarga/Kalaburagi and Yadgir districts of the Northeast Karnataka region.


Methods: In the present investigation, Myrtaceae family’s medicinal plants selected. The analysis of the samples were thorough nano-micro photograph obtained by using FESEM and specific weight percent of elemental concentration analyzed by EDX/EDS.


Results: The elemental concentrations such as C, O, magnesium, Al, Si, S, Cl, K, Ca, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn were estimated in all the collected medicinal plants and found to be within the World Health Organization (WHO’s) recommended values. FESEM morphology indicates that fine plane irregularly shaped particles, with size an average diameter 200 nm–1 μm, are found in both plants.


Conclusion: The Indian Traditional Medicinal Plants have been used as a potential source for general and therapeutic medicinal purposes, including as a home remedy, Ayurvedic, and herbal drugs for the treatment of different types of human diseases. The WHO established maximum permissible limits for the consumption of major, minor, and trace elements to ensure the safe uses of medicinal plants as a drug material so as to cure the diseases. The present investigation suggests that the collected medicinal plants have good alignments of secondary metabolites, functional groups, and intake of trace elements, which are useful for treatment and preparation of new Ayurvedic, herbal, and pharmaceutical drug, pellets of very small size for alignment of different diseases.

Keywords: Elements, Field emission scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy method, Medicinal plants, Northeast Karnataka, Permissible limits, World Health Organization.

Author Biographies

TEERTHE SS, Department of Physics, Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi – 585 106, Karnataka, India.

The present research work is very useful for formation of new medicinal plants drugs.

KERUR BR, Department of Physics, Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi – 585 106, Karnataka, India.

Present research work is very useful for socity

References

1. Swargiary A, Nath P, Basumatary B, Brahma D. Phytochemical, antioxidant, and trace element analysis of anthelmintic plants of North- East India. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2017;9:228-32.
2. Pednekar PA, Raman B. Estimation of variation in the elemental contents of methanolic soxhlet leaf extract of Ampelocissus latifolia (Roxb.) planch by ICP-AES technique. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2013;5:938-41.
3. Pandey MM, Rastogi S, Rawat AK. Indian traditional ayurvedic system of medicine and nutritional supplementation. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2013;2013:1-12.
4. Muruganantham S, Anbalagan G, Ramamurthy N. FT-IR and SEM-EDS comparative analysis of medicinal plants, Eclipta alba Hassk and Eclipta prostrata Linn. Rom J Biophys 2009;19:285-94.
5. Bamola N, Verma P, Negi C. A review on some traditional medicinal plants. Int J Life Sci Sci Res 2018;4:1550-6.
6. Street RA. Heavy metals in medicinal plant products-an African perspective. S Afr J Bot 2012;82:67-74.
7. Devi RK. Major and trace elements in medicinal plants. 3rd indo-global summit and expo on health care. Health Care Curr Rev 2015;3:95.
8. Shirin K, Imad S, Shafiq S, Fatima K. Determination of major and trace elements in the indigenous medicinal plant Withania somnifera and their possible correlation with therapeutic activity. J Saudi Chem Soc 2010;14:97-100.
9. Brima EI. Toxic elements in different medicinal plants and the impact on human health. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017;14:1-9.
10. Ganesan A, Marichamy K, Taghamariappan J. Development of medicinal plants sector in India-an empirical study. Int J Eng Technol Manage Appl Sci 2016;4:82-8.
11. Pulok K, Mukherjee M, Kumar VV. An overview on the development in regulation and control of medicinal and aromatic plants in the Indian system of medicine. Bol Latinoam Caribe Plantas Med Aromát 2017;6:129-36.
12. Al-Kattan MO, Khayyat SA. Antimicrobial activity and chemical analyses of oil constituents of medicinal plant Costus speciosus (Koen.). Biomed Res 2017;28:734-9.
13. Mamedov N. Medicinal plants studies: History, challenges and prospective. Med Aromat Plants 2012;1:1-2.
14. World Heath Organizations. Traditional Medicine. 56th World Health Assembly Provisional Agenda Item 14.10: A56/19. Report by the Secretariat; 2003. p. 1-4.
15. Olowoyo JO, Okedeyi OO, Mkolo NM, Lion GN, Mdakane ST. Uptake and translocation of heavy metals by medicinal plants growing around a waste dump site in Pretoria, South Africa. S Afr J Bot 2012;78:116-21.
16. Teerthe SS, Kerur BR. Determination of Elements in Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants by AAS. AIP Conference Proceedings; 2016.
17. Teerthe S, Kerur BR. Elemental analysis of medicinal plants from North Karnataka region by AAS method. Int J Res Ayurveda Pharm 2017;8:104-8.
18. Pattar M, Teerthe S, Kerur BR. Determination of major and trace elements of traditional medicinal plants of Gulbarga region. Int Ayurvedic Med J 2017;5:4401-8.
Statistics
4 Views | 25 Downloads
How to Cite
SS, T., and K. BR. “STUDY OF MULTIELEMENTAL CONCENTRATIONS AND NANO-MICRO STRUCTURAL MORPHOLOGY IN MYRTACEAE FAMILY MEDICINAL PLANTS BY FIELD EMISSION SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE-ENERGY DISPERSIVE X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY METHOD”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 12, no. 2, Jan. 2019, pp. 432-5, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/29054.
Section
Original Article(s)