HELICHRYSUM PETIOLARE HILLIARD AND B. L. BURTT: A REVIEW OF ITS MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY, AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY OF HELICHRYSUM PETIOLARE
Helichrysum petiolare is a valuable and well-known medicinal herb in South Africa. A comprehensive review of phytochemical, medicinal uses, and biological activities of H. petiolare is presented in this study. Information on biological activities, medicinal uses, and phytochemistry of H. petiolare was gathered from several internet sources which included Scopus, Google Scholar, Elsevier, Science Direct, Web of Science, PubMed, SciFinder, and BMC. Additional information on these aspects was sourced from pre-electronic sources such as journal articles, scientific reports, theses, books, and book chapters obtained from the University library. The current study revealed that H. petiolare is mainly used as herbal medicine for respiratory infections, diabetes, fever, headache, heart problem, high blood pressure, pain, reproductive problems, and wounds. Phytochemical studies showed that H. petiolare extracts and compounds isolated from the species have antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, antityrosinase, antigenotoxicity, and cytotoxicity activities. This research showed that H. petiolare is an integral part of indigenous pharmacopeia in South Africa, but there is the lack of alignment between the known medicinal applications, phytochemistry, and biological activities of the species. Therefore, future research should focus on evaluating the chemical and pharmacological properties of H. petiolare extracts and compounds associated with the species.
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