HELICHRYSUM CYMOSUM (L.) D.DON (ASTERACEAE): MEDICINAL USES, CHEMISTRY, AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY OF HELICHRYSUM CYMOSUM

  • ALFRED MAROYI Department of Botany, Medicinal Plants and Economic Development Research Centre, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa.

Abstract

Helichrysum cymosum is a valuable and well-known medicinal plant in tropical Africa. The current study critically reviewed the medicinal uses, phytochemistry and biological activities of H. cymosum. Information on medicinal uses, phytochemistry and biological activities of H. cymosum, was collected from multiple internet sources which included Scopus, Google Scholar, Elsevier, Science Direct, Web of Science, PubMed, SciFinder, and BMC. Additional information was gathered from pre-electronic sources such as journal articles, scientific reports, theses, books, and book chapters obtained from the University library. This study showed that H. cymosum is traditionally used as a purgative, ritual incense, and magical purposes and as herbal medicine for colds, cough, fever, headache, and wounds. Ethnopharmacological research revealed that H. cymosum extracts and compounds isolated from the species have antibacterial, antioxidant, antifungal, antiviral, anti-HIV, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, and cytotoxicity activities. This research showed that H. cymosum is an integral part of indigenous pharmacopeia in tropical Africa, but there is lack of correlation between medicinal uses and existing pharmacological properties of the species. Therefore, future research should focus on evaluating the chemical and pharmacological properties of H. cymosum extracts and compounds isolated from the species.

Keywords: Asteraceae,, Ethnopharmacology,, Helichrysum cymosum,, Herbal medicine,, Indigenous pharmacopeia,, Tropical Africa.

References

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ALFRED MAROYI. “HELICHRYSUM CYMOSUM (L.) D.DON (ASTERACEAE): MEDICINAL USES, CHEMISTRY, AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 12, no. 7, May 2019, pp. 19-26, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/33771.
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