ANTIDIABETIC POTENTIAL OF PERILLYL ALCOHOL, A MONOTERPENE ON HIGH-FAT DIET LOW-DOSE STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED DIABETES IN EXPERIMENTAL RATS
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the antidiabetic potential of Perillyl alcohol (POH) in high-fat diet (HFD) and low-dose streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Wistar rats.
Methods: In experimental rats fed with HFD for 4 weeks, diabetes was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of STZ (35 mg/kg body weight [BW]). Three days after STZ induction, the hyperglycemic rats were treated with POH orally at the doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg BW daily for 30 days. Glibenclamide (6 mg/kg BW) was used as reference drug. Blood glucose level, BW, fluid intake, and food intake such as parameters were analyzed throughout the experiment period. Serum and plasma biochemical parameters were also estimated. Assay on insulin resistance was also done. Histological study of the pancreas and liver was also performed.
Results: POH orally at the doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg BW for 30 days significantly (p<0.05) and dose-dependently reduced and normalized blood glucose levels as compared to that of HFD+STZ control group. Serum and plasma parameters were significantly (p<0.05) restored toward the normal levels in POH-treated rats as compared to HFD-STZ control animals. Histological study of liver and pancreas also shows the prominent regeneration in POH and glibenclamide treated rats.
Conclusion: The present study concludes that POH demonstrated promising antidiabetic action in HFD STZ-induced diabetic rats.
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