THE ADVERSARY EFFECT OF OBESITY ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG ADOLESCENTS

  • WALID ABU RAYYAN Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan.
  • IBRAHIM S AL-MAJALI Department of Biomedical Sciences, Mutah University, Al-Karak, Jordan.
  • YAZAN BATARSEH Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan.
  • SHADI SALEM Department of Basic Sciences and Humanities, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • WAEL ABU DAYYIH Department of Pharmaceutical Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan.

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to sough implications of the independent and combined demographic variables of weight status, age, food habits, and physical activity on academic achievement in adolescents.


Methods: The study sample consisted of 940 male students in the second secondary class; four secondary schools from Hail city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia participated in this study during April 2017. Weight status was assessed through body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2). Participants filled the questioner to evaluate food habits and physical activity on academic achievement.


Results: The mean weight was 74.21±17.36 kg interquartile range (IQR) (45–125), while the mean height was 171.27±7.37 cm IQR (140–193). The mean BMI was 33.73 (IQR 22.0–39.8). The overall prevalence of childhood obesity was 49.6% while the prevalence of overweight was 9.04%. The mean academic score for the second secondary class was 70±9.99 IQR (44–99). BMI has endorsed negatively on academic achievement (r=−0.322, p<0.05).


Conclusion: We can summarize the independent variables as obesity ameliorates academic achievement in a counteractive way; high BMI affects total academic score in a negative pattern, whereas practicing mental games influenced positively the academic achievement and performance.

Keywords: Academic achievement, Body mass index, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Obesity, Physical activity

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WALID ABU RAYYAN, IBRAHIM S AL-MAJALI, YAZAN BATARSEH, SHADI SALEM, and WAEL ABU DAYYIH. “THE ADVERSARY EFFECT OF OBESITY ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG ADOLESCENTS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 12, no. 12, Nov. 2019, pp. 257-60, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2019.v12i12.36318.
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