OCCURRENCE OF VARIOUS BETA-LACTAMASE PRODUCING GRAM NEGATIVE BACILLI IN THE HOSPITAL EFFLUENT.

  • K.Usha Department of VirologyS V U College of SciencesSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupati- 517 502.
  • E. Kumar Department of VirologyS V U College of SciencesSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupati- 517 502.
  • DVR. Sai Gopal Department of VirologyS V U College of SciencesSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupati- 517 502.

Abstract

This study was designed to understand the prevalence of antibiotic resistant Gram negative bacilli producing various beta lactamases in hospital effluents. A total of 121 Gram negative bacilli were isolated and identified by standard biochemical tests from 31 hospital effluent samples. Antibiotic susceptibility profiling of isolated bacteria was assessed by Kirby Bauer disc method. Detection of various (ESBL, AmpC and MBL) producing isolates were further carried out by various methods. From the isolated bacteria, E.coli was predominant (37.19%) followed by Pseudomonas spp. (22.31%) Klebsiella spp. (19.83%) Non fermentative gram negative bacilli (NFGNB-10.74%), Enterobacter spp. (6.61%) and others (3.30 %). The present study suggests that although waste water treatment reduces the number of bacteria however, there is chance of antimicrobial resistant organisms in the hospital effluent. Hospitals should take sanitary measures to prevent the spread of multi drug resistant bacteria including beta-lactamases resistant strains transfer between hospital and the environment. The indiscriminate use of antibiotics in hospitals should be reduced.

Author Biographies

K.Usha, Department of VirologyS V U College of SciencesSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupati- 517 502.

Resarch Scholar, Department of VirologyS V U College of SciencesSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupati- 517 502.

E. Kumar, Department of VirologyS V U College of SciencesSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupati- 517 502.

Resarch Scholar, Department of VirologyS V U College of SciencesSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupati- 517 502.

DVR. Sai Gopal, Department of VirologyS V U College of SciencesSri Venkateswara UniversityTirupati- 517 502.

Head and BOS Chairman, Department of Virology, Sri venkateswara University, Tirupaati- 517 502.

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How to Cite
K.Usha, E. Kumar, and D. S. Gopal. “OCCURRENCE OF VARIOUS BETA-LACTAMASE PRODUCING GRAM NEGATIVE BACILLI IN THE HOSPITAL EFFLUENT.”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 6, no. 7, Aug. 2013, pp. 42-46, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/85.
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