EVALUATION OF KNOWLEDGE, PRACTICES OF VITAMIN D AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS SUNLIGHT AMONG INDIAN STUDENTS

  • Harsh Arora Amity University, Noida
  • Vivek Dixit All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi,
  • Nidhi Srivastava Amity University

Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objective: The current study was carried out to assess the knowledge, practice of Vitamin D and attitudes toward sunlight exposure among Indian
students.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on students, studying in Amity University, Noida, India. A pre-designed and self-administered
questionnaire was given to all students to collect the information regarding their knowledge about Vitamin D.
Results: Almost all (99.5%) students had heard of Vitamin D. The majority of students (53.3%) indicated that sunlight as the main source of Vitamin D,
however, knowledge in terms of required daily dose and time in the sun were low among students. Despite having awareness regarding the main
source of Vitamin D, 64.2% students did not like going in the sun and percentage (%) of female students who disliked being exposed in the sun were
significantly higher (71.1% and 51.6%, respectively; p=0.000). Moreover, female students were a frequent user of sunscreen, applied sunscreen in
both summer and winter seasons (47.2% females vs. 37% males; p=0.000). No significant associations were found for the factors, associated with the
knowledge of Vitamin D such as the use of sunscreen and hours per day outdoor.
Conclusion: The findings of this survey show a lack of consistency between knowledge and attitude, negative approach toward sunlight exposure
may severely affect the Vitamin D status of young students. Implementing awareness campaigns and future health programs such as a workshop or
training at the college level may help in building more awareness and knowledge about the Vitamin D importance.
Keywords: Vitamin D, Sun exposure, Knowledge.

 

Author Biographies

Harsh Arora, Amity University, Noida
Amity Institute of Biotechnology
Nidhi Srivastava, Amity University
Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Noida

References

REFERENCES
1. Holick MF. Sunlight and Vitamin D for bone health and prevention of
autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin
Nutr 2004;80 6 Suppl:1678S-88.
2. Hypponen E. Vitamin D and the risk of type 1 diabetes. In: Hollick MF,
editor. Vitamin D: Physiology, Molecular Biology, and Clinical
Applications (Nutrition and Health). New York: Humana Press; 2010.
p. 867-79.
3. Holick MF. Vitamin D deficiency. N Engl J Med 2007;357(3):266-81.
4. Marwaha RK, Tandon N, Garg MK, Kanwar R, Narang A, Sastry A,
et al. Vitamin D status in healthy Indians aged 50 years and above.
J Assoc Physicians India 2011;59:706-9.
5. Khadilkar AV. Vitamin D deficiency in Indian adolescents. Indian
Pediatr 2010;47(9):755-6.
6. Report of Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Vitamin and
Mineral Requirement in Human Nutrition: Bangkok 1998. 2
ed.
Rome: FAO; 2004. Available from: http://www.whqlibdoc.who.int/
publications/2004/9241546123.pdf.
7. Babu US, Calvo MS. Modern India and the Vitamin D dilemma:
Evidence for the need of a national food fortification program. Mol
Nutr Food Res 2010;54(8):1134-47.
8. Hossein-Nezhad A, Holick MF. Vitamin D for health: A global
perspective. Mayo Clin Proc 2013;88(7):720-55.
9. Audrey SR, Mohammed AA, Hasanain FG, Tiba NH, Maher DF.
Knowledge regarding Vitamin D among private University students in
Malaysia. Ann Nutr Disord Ther 2014;1(2):1008-13.
10. Kung AW, Lee KK. Knowledge of vitamin D and perceptions and
attitudes toward sunlight among Chinese middle-aged and elderly
nd
312
Asian J Pharm Clin Res, Vol 9, Issue 1, 2016, 308-313
Arora et al.
women: A population survey in Hong Kong. BMC Public Health
2006;6:226.
11. Ho-Pham LT, Nguyen MT. Survey on knowledge and attitudes on
Vitamin D and sunlight exposure in an urban population in Vietnam.
J Asean Fed Endocr Soc 2012;27(2):55-9.
12. Vupputuri MR, Goswami R, Gupta N, Ray D, Tandon N, Kumar N.
Prevalence and functional significance of 25-hydroxy Vitamin D
deficiency and Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms in Asian
Indians. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83(6):1411-9.
13. Arya V, Bhambri R, Godbole MM, Mithal A. Vitamin D status and
its relationship with bone mineral density in healthy Asian Indians.
Osteoporos Int 2004;15(1):56-61.
14. Qidwai W, Samani ZA, Azam I, Lalani S. Knowledge, attitude and
practice of vitamin supplementation among patients visiting outpatient
physicians
in
a teaching hospital
in
Karachi. Oman
Med J
2012;27(2):116-20.
Statistics
469 Views | 1015 Downloads
How to Cite
Arora, H., V. Dixit, and N. Srivastava. “EVALUATION OF KNOWLEDGE, PRACTICES OF VITAMIN D AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS SUNLIGHT AMONG INDIAN STUDENTS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 9, no. 1, Jan. 2016, pp. 308-13, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/9983.
Section
Original Article(s)