THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROPOLIS FLUORIDE APPLICATION IN INHIBITING DENTAL CARIES ACTIVITY IN SCHOOL CHILDREN AGE 6-9 YEARS OLD


Risqa Rina Darwita, Andalina Rhukul Finisha, Hardiati Nur Wahyuni, Salsabila Ghina, Rajiv Muhammad, Andy Satyanegara, Febriana Setiawati, Melissa Adiatman

Abstract


Objective: To obtain the effectiveness of propolis fluoride application in inhibiting dental caries activity. Methods: The study was included 170 children aged 6–9 years old with active dentinal carries surface was 532 tooth surfaces, all of 532 tooth surface will applicate use propolis fluoride in school children at primary school SD Kukusan. Evaluation of the amount of dentinal caries lesion that has been arrested was conducted after 1 month, 2 months, and 4 months after topical application. Results: After propolis fluoride applicated shows, that the activated process caries of dentinal caries lesion after 1 month was found in 104 tooth surfaces, 2 months were 115 tooth surfaces, and after 4 months evaluated were found significant increase to be 226 tooth surfaces on dentinal caries activated from 2nd to 4th month after application propolis fluoride (p<0.01). The percentages of arrested caries in, respectively, for 1st month after the application is 99.80%, 2nd month application is 78.32%, and in the 4th month is 57.52% while the score plaque of school children was decline significantly until 36.5% (p<0.05) after 4 months intervention by tooth brushing every week at school. Conclusion: The application of propolis fluoride is effective in inhibiting dentinal caries lesion activity, has the advantage of making no black discoloration to the teeth.

Keywords


Dentinal caries, Arrested caries, Propolis fluoride, School children

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About this article

Title

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROPOLIS FLUORIDE APPLICATION IN INHIBITING DENTAL CARIES ACTIVITY IN SCHOOL CHILDREN AGE 6-9 YEARS OLD

Keywords

Dentinal caries, Arrested caries, Propolis fluoride, School children

DOI

10.22159/ijap.2017.v9s2.01

Date

01-01-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics
Vol. 9, Special Issue 2 (Dec.), 2017 Page: 1-5

Online ISSN

0975-7058

Authors & Affiliations

Risqa Rina Darwita
Department of Dental Public Health and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Indonesia

Andalina Rhukul Finisha
Department of Dental Public Health and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Hardiati Nur Wahyuni
Department of Dental Public Health and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Salsabila Ghina
Department of Dental Public Health and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Rajiv Muhammad
Department of Dental Public Health and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Andy Satyanegara
Department of Dental Public Health and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Febriana Setiawati
Department of Dental Public Health and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Melissa Adiatman
Department of Dental Public Health and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia


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