• JOSE RAUL MEDINA-LOPEZ Departamento Sistemas Biologicos, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Xochimilco, Mexico City, Mexico http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4159-8403
  • JOAQUIN ALEXANDRO SOTO-JUHA Departamento Sistemas Biologicos, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Xochimilco, Mexico City, Mexico
  • JUAN MANUEL CONTRERAS-JIMÉNEZ Departamento Sistemas Biologicos, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Xochimilco, Mexico City, Mexico




Caffeine, Derivative spectroscopy, Ibuprofen, USP Apparatus 2


Objective: To develop a UV-derivative spectrophotometric method with zero-crossing determinations for the simultaneous quantification of ibuprofen (IBU) and caffeine (CAF) in fixed-dose combination formulations (soft gelatin capsules). The proposed method was validated, and it was applied to determine the in vitro dissolution performance of IBU and CAF from a commercial formulation.

Methods: The method is based on the use of the second-derivatives of the zero-order spectra and measurement at zero-crossing wavelengths. Linearity, accuracy, precision, stability, and influence of the filter were evaluated. Dissolution profiles of IBU and CAF were obtained with the USP Apparatus 2 at 100 rpm and 900 ml of 0.1 M phosphate buffer pH 7.4 as dissolution medium. Dissolution samples were treated with the proposed UV-derivative method and results were compared with data previously published.

Results: The zero-crossing points for the determination of IBU and CAF were found at 235.6 nm and 218.8 nm, respectively. The method was linear in the range of 7.5-15 µg/ml for IBU and 5-25 µg/ml for CAF (R2>0.999, *P<0.05). The precision and accuracy of the method were within acceptable criteria (CV<0.99% and recovery 97.97% for IBU and CV<1.76% and recovery 99.05% for CAF). Fiberglass filters were the best option to filter samples and stability of all drugs was adequate when solutions were stored at 25 °C during 24 h. Dissolution of IBU and CAF at 60 min was 99-100% with dissolution profiles of sigmoidal S-shape. Weibull function and Logistic were the best-fit models that describe the in vitro dissolution performance of both drugs.

Conclusion: The proposed UV-derivative method allows the simultaneous determination of IBU and CAF in fixed-dose combination formulations. The method generates reliable information that can be compared with published data. The proposed UV-derivative method is rapid and simple and can be easily adopted for routine analysis of IBU and CAF.


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