• JOSE RAUL MEDINA-LOPEZ Departamento Sistemas Biológicos, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, Mexico DF, Mexico
  • LUIS ANTONIO CEDILLO-DIAZ Departamento Sistemas Biológicos, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, Mexico DF, Mexico
  • MARCELA HURTADO Departamento Sistemas Biológicos, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, Mexico DF, Mexico



Flow-through cell method, Propranolol-HCl tablets, Ranitidine-HCl tablets, Reference drug products, USP basket apparatus, USP paddle apparatus


Objective: Due to quality of generic formulations depends on available information of reference drug products the aim of this work was to perform an in vitro dissolution study of two doses of propranolol-HCl and ranitidine-HCl reference tablets using USP basket or paddle apparatus and flow-through cell method.

Methods: Two doses of propranolol-HCl (10-mg and 80-mg) and ranitidine-HCl (150-mg and 300-mg) of Mexican reference products were used. Dissolution profiles of propranolol-HCl were obtained with USP basket apparatus at 100 rpm and 1000 ml of 1% hydrochloric acid. Profiles of ranitidine-HCl were determined with USP paddle apparatus at 50 rpm and 900 ml of distilled water. All formulations were also studied with the flow-through cell method using laminar flow at 16 ml/min. Dissolution profiles were compared by model-independent (f2 similarity factor, mean dissolution time and dissolution efficiency) and model-dependent methods (dissolution data adjusted to some mathematical equations). Time data, derived from these adjustments, as t50%, t63.25%, and t85% were used to compare dissolution profiles.

Results: With all approaches used and being high solubility drugs significant differences were found between low and high doses and between USP dissolution apparatuses (*P<0.05).

Conclusion: In vitro dissolution performance of two doses of propranolol-HCl and ranitidine-HCl was not expected. Considering the same USP dissolution apparatus, the reference tablets did not allow the simultaneous release of the used doses. The results could be of interest for pharmaceutical laboratories or health authorities that classify some drug products as a reference to be used in dissolution and bioequivalence studies.


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