PEPPERMINT OIL, ITS USEFUL, AND ADVERSE EFFECTS ON HUMAN HEALTH: A REVIEW
Keywords:Peppermint oil, Effects to human health, Medicinal effects, Pharmaceutical implications
Fundamental oil of Mentha piperita are perplexing blends detached from sweet-smelling plants which may have antimicrobial, cooling receptor trigger, pesticidal, anticancer, hack, asthma, and use in painkiller, exercises of enthusiasm for the sustenance and corrective enterprises just as in the human well-being field in pharmaceutical. According to the German Commission E monographs, peppermint oil is greatly employed as an antispasmodic in the stomach and intestine in bile channel and for the treatment of peevish entrails disorder, inflammation of the respiratory tract, and aggravation of the oral mucosa. Remotely, M. piperita has been employed for myalgia and neuralgia. As indicated by German Commission E, M. piperita may likewise go about as a carminative, disinfectant, and pectolytic, having soothing activity. Enteric-covered peppermint oil containers (Colpermin) are mostly employed as an orally controlled antispasmodic premedication in the study of large intestine.
Nandeesh J, Nidhi D. Role of panchamahabhoota in development of garbha and gestational abnormalities. Innov J Ayurvedic Sci 2020;8:1-6.
Neeraj T, Prakash A, Seema Y. Antimicrobial activity and medicinal values of essential oil of Mentha piperita L. Int J Eng Innov Technol 2013;2:214-8.
Fitsiou E, Mitropoulou G, Spyridopoulou K, Tiptiri-Kourpeti A, Vamvakias M, Bardouki H, et al. Phytochemical profile and evaluation of the biological activities of essential oils derived from the Greek aromatic plant species Ocimum basilicum, Mentha spicata, Pimpinella anisum and Fortunella margarita. Molecules 2016;21:1069.
Wang J, Li R, Tan J, Jiang ZT. Chemical composition of essential oil of grapefruit mint (Mentha suaveolens× piperita) from China. J Essent Oil Bearing Plants 2016;19:1047-50.
Loolaie M, Narges M, Hassan R, Hadi A. Peppermint and its functionality: A review. Arch Clin Microbiol 2017;8:54.
Mona HS, Mughal SS, Aslam A, Mushtaq M, Munir M, Pervez S, et al. Emblica officinalis (AMLA): A prospective review on distinctive properties and therapeutic applications of amla. Innov J Ayurvedic Sci 2020;8:1-6.
Douhan LI, Johnson D. Vegetative compatibility and pathogenicity of Verticillium dahliae from spearmint and peppermint. Plant Dis 2001;85:297-302.
Maffei M. Sustainable methods for a sustainable production of peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.) essential oil. J Essent Oil Res 1999;11:267-82.
Abbaszadeh B, Valadabadi SA, Farahani HA, Darvishi HH. Studying of essential oil variations in leaves of Mentha species. Afr J Plant Sci 2009;3:217-21.
Huang Q, Yu Y, Tang C, Peng X. Determination of commonly used azole antifungals in various waters and sewage sludge using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A 2010;1217:3481-8.
Gardiner P. Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis). In: Longwood Herbal Task Force. California: Task Force; 2000.
Eccles R. Menthol and related cooling compounds. J Pharm Pharmacol 1994;46:618-30.
Rita P, Animesh DK. An updated overview on peppermint (Mentha piperita L.). Int Res J Pharm 2011;2:1-10.
Trevisan SC, Menezes AP. Properties of Mentha piperita: A brief review. World J Pharm Med Res 2017;3:309-13.
Kligler B, Chaudhary S. Peppermint oil. Am Fam Physician 2007;75:1027-30.
Hausmann R, Rodrik D. Economic development as self-discovery. J Dev Econ 2003;72:603-33.
Alves JG, de Cássia Coelho Moraes de Brito R, Cavalcanti TS. Effectiveness of Mentha piperita in the treatment of infantile colic: A crossover study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2012;2012:981352.
Liu JH, Chen GH, Yeh HZ, Huang CK, Poon SK. Enteric-coated peppermint-oil capsules in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: A prospective, randomized trial. J Gastroenterol 1997;32:765
Kline RM, Kline JJ, Di Palma J, Barbero GJ. Enteric-coated, pH-dependent peppermint oil capsules for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in children. J Pediatr 2001;138:125-8.
Grigoleit HG, Grigoleit P. Peppermint oil in irritable bowel syndrome. Phytomedicine 2005;12:601-6.
Cappello G, Spezzaferro M, Grossi L, Manzoli L, Marzio L. Peppermint oil (Mintoil®) in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: A prospective double blind placebo-controlled randomized trial. Dig Liver Dis 2007;39:530-6.
Alam M, Roy PK, Miah AR, Mollick SH, Khan MR, Mahmud MC, et al. Efficacy of Peppermint oil in diarrhea predominant IBS-a double blind randomized placebo-controlled study. Mymensingh Med J 2013;22:27-30.
Göbel H, Schmidt G, Soyka D. Effect of peppermint and eucalyptus oil preparations on neurophysiological and experimental algesimetric headache parameters. Cephalalgia 1994;14:228-34.
Göbel H, Fresenius J, Heinze A, Dworschak M, Soyka D. Effectiveness of oleum menthae piperitae and paracetamol in therapy of headache of the tension type. Nervenarzt 1996;67:672-81.
Moss M, Hewitt S, Moss L, Wesnes L. Modulation of cognitive performance and mood by aromas of peppermint and ylang-ylang. Int J Neurosci 2008;118:59-77.
Bove M. An Encyclopedia of Natural Healing for Children and Infants. United States: Keats Pub; 1996.
Blumenthal M. The Complete German Commission E Monographs: Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. : IntegrativeMedicine; 1999.
Company ME. PDR for Herbal Medicines. Tamil Nadu: Medical Economics Company; 1998.
Nissen L, Lau E. Old drug new indication: Antihistamine for the pain in your stomach? Aust Pharm 2016;35:32.
Sadraei H, Asghari G, Alipour M. Anti-spasmodic assessment of hydroalcoholic extract and essential oil of aerial part of Pycnocycla caespitosa Boiss. and Hausskn on rat ileum contractions. Res Pharm Sci 2016;11:33.
Rasooli I, Shayegh S, Taghizadeh M, Astaneh SD. Phytotherapeutic prevention of dental biofilm formation. Phytother Res 2008;22:1162-7.
Shayegh S, Rasooli I, Taghizadeh M, Astaneh SD. Phytotherapeutic inhibition of supragingival dental plaque. Nat Prod Res 2008;22:428-39.
Balakrishnan A. Therapeutic uses of peppermint-a review. J Pharm Sci Res 2015;7:474.
Bansod S, Rai M. Antifungal activity of essential oils from Indian medicinal plants against human pathogenic Aspergillus fumigatus and A. niger. World J Med Sci 2008;3:81-8.
Goga M, Antreich SJ, Bačkor M, Weckwerth W, Lang I. Lichen secondary metabolites affect growth of Physcomitrella patens by allelopathy. Protoplasma 2017;254:1307-15.
Shah AN, Iqbal J, Ullah A, Yang G, Yousaf M, Fahad S, et al. Allelopathic potential of oil seed crops in production of crops: A review. Environ Sci Pollut Res 2016;23:14854-67.
Mahdavikia F, Saharkhiz MJ. Secondary metabolites of peppermint change the morphophysiological and biochemical characteristics of tomato. Biocatal Agric Biotechnol 2016;7:127-33.
Robbers JE, Tyler VE. Tyler’s Herbs of Choice: The Therapeutic Use of Phytomedicinals. United States: Haworth Press Inc.; 1999.
Hawthorn M, Ferrante J, Luchowski E, Rutledge A, Wei XY, Triggle DJ. The actions of peppermint oil and menthol on calcium channel dependent processes in intestinal, neuronal and cardiac preparations. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1988;2:101-18.
Patterson JE. New gram-positive agents in nosocomial infection. Curr Opin Infect Dis 2000;13:593-8.
Peirce A. American Pharmaceutical Association Practical Guide to Natural Medicines. New York: William Morrow; 1999.
Hoffman D. The Complete Illustrated Holistic Herbal. United States: Barnes & Noble; 1996.
Sant’Ambrogio FB, Anderson JW, Sant’Ambrogio G. Menthol in the upper airway depresses ventilation in newborn dogs. Respir Physiol 1992;89:299-307.
De Cort S, Rowe J, Eccles R. Cardiorespiratory effects of inhalation of L-menthol in healthy humans. J Physiol 1993;1:54-4.