AN ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH AND SANITATION FACILITES IN VIZHINJAM COASTAL PANCHAYAT OF KERALA STATE BY USING GIS
Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and faeces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities. The word 'sanitation' also refers to the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and wastewater disposal. Lack of sanitation kills, it degrades health - especially that of children - and undermines education. It affects whole communities but consistently those most severely affected are the poor and disadvantaged. It is estimated that about 2.6 billion people lack sanitation worldwide. In Kerala, the prevalence of water and sanitation-related diseases are high, in the coastal belt and hilly regions of the state. The paper aims to analyse the lack of basic amenities, high population density and poor sanitation are the acute problem in the study area. As a social problem, Sanitation and water availability are crucially important to human health and well being, and their indispensable role as engine to the regional development. This study will attempt to analyze the sanitation status and the spatial distribution of available health facilities by using GIS.
â€¢ Aravindan, K. P A study of epidemic diarrhoeal deaths in Kerala, Proc. Proceedings of Kerala Science Congress, pp. 361-366., 1989..
â€¢ Aravindan, K.P., Kunhikannan, T.P. (Eds.). Health Transition in Rural Kerala: 1987-1996, Kerala Sastra Sahithya Parishad, Trivandrum, 2000.
â€¢ Brown Tim, McLafferty Sara, Moon Graham: A Companion to Health and Medical Geography (Blackwell Companions to Geography): Wiley-Blackwell; 2009.
â€¢ Comparative Analysis:Gordon Marshall:Qualitative comparative analysis; A Dictionary of Sociology;1998:Encylopedi.com.(October 2011).. http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O88-qualitativecomparatvnlyss.html
â€¢ Drinking water quality in rural India: Issues and approach WHOs WATER AID BACKGROUNDPAPERhttp://www.wateraid.org/documents/plugin_documents/drinking_water.pdf, (2000).
â€¢ GESMAP Report and Studies , GRID- Arendal for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 15 January 2001:
â€¢ Govender Thashlin, , Contribution of Water Pollution From Inadequate Sanitation and Housing Quality to Diarrheal Disease in Low-Cost Housing Settlements of Cape Town, South Africa:; Jo M. Barnes; Clarissa H. Pieper: American Journal of Public Health Vol.: 101, No.: 7, [Page e4-e9] 2011
â€¢ Hoque Biliqis, A., Hoque M.M, Ali N, and Coghlan ,Sarah. E.; Sanitation in a poor settlement in Bangladesh challenge for the 1990s;Enviornment and Urbanisation; Vol.6, No.2, (October 1994).
â€¢ Park, K, Preventive And Social Medicine, Bhanot Publications (19th edition, (2007).
â€¢ Lakshmi.K, Rural Health Care Access A Case Study of Madurai District,Madurai Kamraj University, 2008.