Extended Model for Integrating Culture into Teaching EFL: A Context of Vietnam
Keywords:intercultural competence, EFL teaching, integrate culture, intercultural communicative competence
Intercultural competence (IC) has gained a better positionality in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) education in Vietnam to enable young people to become effective global citizens. Accordingly, the development of comprehensive IC is considered to be an officially stated objective of the reformed EFL curriculum, and a great body of intercultural issues reflecting the cultural diversity of countries has been added to the English course books of the upper secondary level. To help EFL teachers with the exploitation of the coursebooks, this perspective paper aims to propose a model for Intercultural Language Learning and Teaching (IcLLT) to shed light on how to integrate culture into teaching EFL in a Vietnamese pedagogical teaching context. This model can be a valuable guideline for EFL teachers to go beyond the language skill-based lesson in order to promote learners’ intercultural communicative competence.
Browett, J. (2003). Culture: Are we speaking the same language? Babel, 38(2), 18–38.
Byram, M. (1997). Teaching and assessing intercultural communicative competence. Multilingual Matters.
Byram, M., Golubeva, I., Han, H., & Wagner, M. (Eds.). (2017). From principles to practice in education for intercultural citizenship. Multilingual Matters.
Corbett, J. (2010). Intercultural language activities. Cambridge University Press.
Crozet, C., Liddicoat, A. J., & Lo Bianco, J. (1999). Intercultural competence: From language policy to language education. In J. Lo Bianco, A. J. Liddicoat & C. Crozet (Eds.), Striving for the third place: Intercultural competence through language education (pp. 1–20). Language Australia.
Deardorff, D. K. (2006). Identification and assessment of intercultural competence as a student outcome of internationalization. Journal of Studies in International Education, 10(3), 241–266. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315306287002
Fantini, A. (2000). A central concern: Developing intercultural competence. SIT Occasional Papers Series: Addressing intercultural education, training and service (pp. 25–33). School for International Training.
Fantini, A. (2006). Exploring and assessing intercultural competence. http://www.sit.edu/publications/docs/feil_research_report.pdf
Gómez-Parra, M., & Hà, T. (2021) First steps towards intercultural education in Vietnam: Exploring primary education teachers’ level of intercultural competence (Primeros pasos hacia una educación intercultural en Vietnam: Explorando la competencia intercultural de los maestros de primaria). Culture and Education, 33(1), 78–105. https://doi.org/10.1080/11356405.2020.1859740
Ho, S. T. K. (2011). An investigation of intercultural teaching and learning in tertiary EFL classrooms in Vietnam [Doctoral thesis]. Victoria University of Wellington.
Hoa, C. T. H., & Vien, T. (2019). The integration of intercultural education into teaching English: What Vietnamese teachers do and say. International Journal of Instruction, 12(1), 441–456. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2019.12129a
Hoa, C. T. H., (2019). Integrating culture into teaching English at upper secondary schools in Tra Vinh, Vietnam [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Hue University, University of Foreign Languages.
Kramsch, C. (1993). Context and culture in language teaching. Oxford University Press.
Kramsch, C. (2015). Language and culture in second language learning. In F. Sharifian (Ed.), The handbook of language and culture (pp. 403–416). Routledge.
Lee, G., & Matteliano, M. (2009). A guide to cultural competence in the curriculum: Rehabilitation Counseling. CIRRIE (Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange).
Liddicoat, A. J. (1997). Everyday speech as culture: Implications for language teaching. In A. J. Liddicoat & C. Crozet (Eds.), Teaching language, teaching culture (pp. 55–70). Applied Linguistics Association of Australia.
Liddicoat, A. J. (2002). Static and dynamic views of culture and intercultural language acquisition. Babel, 36(3), 4–11.
Liddicoat, A. J., & Scarino, A. (2013). Intercultural language teaching and learning. Wiley-Blackwell.
Liddicoat, A. J., Papademetre, L., Scarino, A., & Kohler, M. (2003). Report on intercultural language learning. Commonwealth of Australia.
MOET. (2014a). English 10. Vietnam Education Publishing House.
MOET. (2014b). English 11. Vietnam Education Publishing House.
MOET. (2014c). English 12. Vietnam Education Publishing House.
MOET. (2018). The general curriculum in EFL in secondary education. https://data.moet.gov.vn/index.php/s/CXTqAkDQNTwyEPt#pdfviewer
Newton, J. (2016). Cultivating intercultural competence in tertiary EFL programs. Crossing borders in language teaching and business communication. Proceedings of the 11th ELT Conference at AE CYUT (pp. 1–22). Chaoyang University of Technology, 27 May 2016. ISBN 978-986-5631-24-6.
Newton, J., Yates, E., Shearn, S., & Nowitzki, W. (2010). Intercultural communicative language teaching: Implications for effective teaching and learning. Report to the Ministry of Education.
Nguyễn, T. L. (2013). Integrating culture into Vietnamese University EFL teaching: A critical ethnographic study [Doctoral Dissertation]. AUT University, School of Language and Culture.
Richards, J. C. (2006). Communicative language teaching. Today J. C. Richards (series Ed.): Willy A Renandya & Jack C Richards. SEAMEO Regional Language Centre.
Risager, K. (2007). Language and culture pedagogy. Multilingual Matters.
Scarino, A. (2009). Assessing intercultural capacity in learning languages: Some issues and considerations. Language Teaching, 42(1), 67–80. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444808005417
Sewell, W. H. (2005). Logics of history: Social theory and social transformation. University of Chicago Press.
Stern, H. (1992). Issues and options in language teaching. Oxford University Press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Chau Thi Hoang Hoa, Truong Vien
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.