A STUDY ON TREATMENT PATTERN AND OUTCOMES OF POISONING CASES IN A TERTIARY CARE AND GOVERNMENT DISTRICT HOSPITAL


Pathan Amanulla Khan, Dileep Chary M., M. Manoj Kumar, B.b. Sarah Nousheen

Abstract


Objective: Poisoning is a major prevalent problem, with thousands of deaths occurring every year, mainly in developing countries. The present study sought to identify the treatment pattern and outcomes of poisoning cases admitted to Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital and Research Centre (BMCH and RC) and Government District Hospital and to determine the type of poison cases.

Methods: This is a prospective observational study aimed to analyse the poisoning cases admitted to general medicine departments and emergency departments of BMCH and RC and Government District Hospital, Chitradurga, Karnataka for a period of six months.

Results: A total of 100 cases were enrolled in this study. 63% of the cases were identified from BMCH and RC, with the remainder being from Government Hospital. The study shows that 41% of the cases were 21-30 y old. 48% (n=48) were males and 52% (n=52) were females. Different types of poisoning cases were observed; organophosphorus poisoning (OP) taking the lead, followed by snake bite cases. The study denotes a mortality rate of 4% and morbidity rate of 96%. A majority of cases were reported in the second quarter of the year.

Conclusion: It was concluded from the above findings that young age adults constituted a significant percentage of the subjects. It is essential, therefore, to propose policies that can terminate the free trade of poisonous pesticides and to create awareness and periodically counsel the vulnerable group of the population.


Keywords


Poisoning, Organophosphorus (OP), Pesticides

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About this article

Title

A STUDY ON TREATMENT PATTERN AND OUTCOMES OF POISONING CASES IN A TERTIARY CARE AND GOVERNMENT DISTRICT HOSPITAL

Keywords

Poisoning, Organophosphorus (OP), Pesticides

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i4.17196

Date

27-02-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 9, Issue 4, 2017 Page: 193-197

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Statistics

226 Views | 145 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Pathan Amanulla Khan
Clinical Pharmacist, Wood Lands Multispecialty Hospital, Barkatpura, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
India

Dileep Chary M.
Pharm D Intern, Department of Pharmacy Practice, SJM College of Pharmacy, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India
India

M. Manoj Kumar
Department of Pharmacy Practice, SJM College of Pharmacy, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India

B.b. Sarah Nousheen
Pharm D 3rd year, Anwar-ul Uloom College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
India


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