Seema Kohli, Abhisek Pal, Suchit Jain


Objective: The purpose of this research work was to develop and evaluate microspheres appropriate for controlled release of zidovudine (AZT).

Methods: The AZT loaded polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) microspheres were prepared by W/O/O double emulsion solvent diffusion method. Compatibility of drug and polymer was studied by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The influence of formulation factors (drug: polymer ratio, stirring speed, the concentration of surfactant) on particle size encapsulation efficiency and in vitro release characteristics of the microspheres was investigated. Release kinetics was studied and stability study was performed as per ICH guidelines.

Results: Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images show good reproducibility of microspheres from different batches. The average particle size was in the range of 216-306 μm. The drug-loaded microspheres showed 74.42±5.08% entrapment efficiency. The cumulative percentage released in phosphate Buffer solution (PBS) buffer was found to be 55.32±5.89 to 74.42±5.08 %. The highest regressions (0.981) were obtained for zero order kinetics followed by Higuchi (0.968) and first order (0.803).

Conclusion: Microsphere prepared by double emulsion solvent diffusion method was investigated and the results revealed that 216-306 μm microsphere was successfully encapsulated in a polymer. FT-IR analysis, entrapment efficiency and SEM Studies revealed the good reproducibility from batch to batch. The microspheres were of an appropriate size and suitable for oral administration. Thus the current investigation show promising results of PLGA microspheres as a matrix for drug delivery and merit for In vivo studies for scale up the technology.


Zidovudine, PLGA, Microspheres, W/O/O double emulsion, Higuchi model, Diffusion-Controlled Mechanism

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Zidovudine, PLGA, Microspheres, W/O/O double emulsion, Higuchi model, Diffusion-Controlled Mechanism





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International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 9, Issue 12, 2017 Page: 70-77

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Authors & Affiliations

Seema Kohli
Department of Pharmacy, Kalaniketan Polytechnic, Jabalpur M.P.

Abhisek Pal
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shiksha ‘O’Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar Orissa

Suchit Jain
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shiksha ‘O’Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar Orissa

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