METHYL 10-EPI-PHEOPHORBIDE A FROM MCF-7 CELLS ACTIVE LAYER OF THE INDONESIAN FICUS DELTOIDEA JACK LEAVES


Anggia Murni, Novriyandi Hanif, Masaki Kita, Latifah K. Darusman

Abstract


Objective: To isolate and elucidate a cytotoxic principle against breast tumor MCF-7 cells of the Indonesian terrestrial plant Ficus deltoidea Jack leaves.

Methods: F. deltoidea leaves collected at National Park of mount Gede-Pangrango, Indonesia have been subjected to chemical and biological work. F. deltoidea leaves were extracted with 96% aqueous ethanol (EtOH) and was then partitioned into three layers n-hexane, dichloromethane (CH2Cl2), and n-butanol (n-BuOH). All layers were checked for their activity against breast tumor MCF-7 cells using MTT assay method. A portion of the most active layer was purified using open column chromatography to give fraction that has toxicity against zebra fish embryos. Based on the assay-guided isolation, compound 1 was isolated. The chemical structure of 1 was elucidated using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) data as well as comparing data with literature.

Results: The CH2Cl2 layer of F. deltoidea leaves was found to inhibit breast tumor MCF-7 cells with IC50 10 µg/ml which was the most toxic among the layers. A portion of the most active layer was purified using open column chromatography to give 7 fractions. The fraction 5 showed toxicity against zebrafish embryos (LC50 35 µg/ml, 48 hpf). This fraction was purified using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) octadecylsilyl (ODS) column with gradient elution 70% aqueous acetonitrile (MeCN) to 100% MeCN (linear gradient) for 40 min with UV detection at 254 nm (tR = 30.99 min) to give compound 1. The chemical structure of 1 was revealed as a chlorin-type compound named methyl 10-epi-pheophorbide A.

Conclusion: Methyl 10-epi-pheophorbide A was isolated for the first time from the active fraction of the Indonesian F. deltoidea leaves or tabat barito. The chemical structure including absolute stereochemistry was elucidated using NMR and HRMS data as well as by comparison with the literature values. The 13C NMR data has been added to complete the previous report.


Keywords


Ficus deltoidea, NMR, HRMS, Cytotoxic, Zebrafish embryos, Alkaloid, Chlorin, Conformational analysis

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About this article

Title

METHYL 10-EPI-PHEOPHORBIDE A FROM MCF-7 CELLS ACTIVE LAYER OF THE INDONESIAN FICUS DELTOIDEA JACK LEAVES

Keywords

Ficus deltoidea, NMR, HRMS, Cytotoxic, Zebrafish embryos, Alkaloid, Chlorin, Conformational analysis

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i8.18750

Date

01-08-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 9, Issue 8, 2017 Page: 183-186

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Statistics

137 Views | 88 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Anggia Murni
Tropical Biopharmaca Research Center, Bogor Agricultural University, Jalan Taman Kencana No. 3, Bogor 16128, Indonesia
Indonesia

Novriyandi Hanif
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Gedung Kimia Wing 1 Lantai 3, Jalan Tanjung Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Indonesia

Masaki Kita
Department of Applied Molecular Biosciences, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8610, Japan
Japan

Latifah K. Darusman
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Gedung Kimia Wing 1 Lantai 3, Jalan Tanjung Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Indonesia


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